For other uses, see The Count of Monte Cristo (disambiguation). The Count of Monte Cristo Author Alexandre Dumasin collaboration with Auguste Maquet Original title Le Comte de Monte-Cristo Country France Language French Genre Historical novelAdventure Publication date 1844–1845 (serialised) The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by French author Alexandre Dumas (père) completed in 1844.
It is one of the author's most popular works, along with The Three Musketeers. Like many of his novels, it was expanded from plot outlines suggested by his collaborating ghostwriter Auguste Maquet. Another important work by Dumas, written prior to his work with Maquet, was the short novel "Georges"; this novel is of particular interest to scholars because Dumas reused many of the ideas and plot devices later in The Count of Monte Cristo.
 The story takes place in France, Italy, and islands in the Mediterranean during the historical events of 1815–1839: the era of the Bourbon Restoration through the reign of Louis-Philippe of France. It begins just before the Hundred Days period (when Napoleon returned to power after his exile). The historical setting is a fundamental element of the book, an adventure story primarily concerned with themes of hope, justice, vengeance, mercy, and forgiveness.
It centres on a man who is wrongfully imprisoned, escapes from jail, acquires a fortune, and sets about exacting revenge on those responsible for his imprisonment. His plans have devastating consequences for both the innocent and the guilty. The book is a story of romance, loyalty, betrayal, vengeance, selfishness, and justice. The book is considered a literary classic today. According to Luc Sante, "The Count of Monte Cristo has become a fixture of Western civilization's literature, as inescapable and immediately identifiable as Mickey Mouse, Noah's flood, and the story of Little Red Riding Hood.
" Background to the plot Dumas wrote that the idea of revenge in The Count of Monte Cristo came from a story in a book compiled by Jacques Peuchet, a French police archivist, published in 1838 after the death of the author. Dumas included this essay in one of the editions from 1846. Peuchet told of a shoemaker, Pierre Picaud, living in Nîmes in 1807, who was engaged to marry a rich woman when three jealous friends falsely accused him of being a spy for England.
Picaud was placed under a form of house arrest in the Fenestrelle Fort, where he served as a servant to a rich Italian cleric. When the man died, he left his fortune to Picaud, whom he had begun to treat as a son. Picaud then spent years plotting his revenge on the three men who were responsible for his misfortune. He stabbed the first with a dagger on which were printed the words "Number One", and then he poisoned the second.
The third man's son he lured into crime and his daughter into prostitution, finally stabbing the man himself. This third man, named Loupian, had married Picaud's fiancée while Picaud was under arrest. In another of the "True Stories", Peuchet describes a poisoning in a family. This story, also quoted in the Pleiade edition, has obviously served as model for the chapter of the murders inside the Villefort family.
The introduction to the Pleiade edition mentions other sources from real life: Abbé Faria existed and died in 1819 after a life with much resemblance to that of the Faria in the novel. As for Dantès, his fate is quite different from his model in Peuchet's book, since the latter is murdered by the "Caderousse" of the plot. But Dantès has "alter egos" in two other Dumas works; in "Pauline" from 1838, and more significantly in "Georges" from 1843, where a young man with black ancestry is preparing a revenge against white people who had humiliated him.
Plot Summary On the day of his wedding to Mercédès, Edmond Dantès, first mate of the Pharaon, is falsely accused of treason, arrested, and imprisoned without trial in the Château d'If, a grim island fortress off Marseilles. A fellow prisoner, Abbé Faria, correctly deduces that his jealous rival Fernand Mondego, envious crewmate Danglars, and double-dealing Magistrate De Villefort framed him. Faria inspires his escape and guides him to a fortune in treasure.
As the powerful and mysterious Count of Monte Cristo, he arrives from the Orient to enter the fashionable Parisian world of the 1830s and avenge himself on the men who conspired to destroy him. Edmond Dantès The main character Edmond Dantès was a merchant sailor prior to his imprisonment. (Illustration by Pierre-Gustave Staal) In 1815, Edmond Dantès, a young merchant sailor who has recently been granted the succession of his captain Leclère, returns to Marseille to marry his Catalan fiancée Mercédès.
Leclère, a supporter of the exiled Napoléon I, found himself dying at sea and charged Dantès to deliver two objects: a package to General Bertrand (exiled with Napoleon Bonaparte on Elba), and a letter from Elba to an unknown man in Paris. On the eve of Dantès' wedding to Mercédès, Fernand Mondego (Mercédès' cousin and a rival for her affections) is given advice by Dantès' colleague Danglars (who is jealous of Dantès' rapid rise to captain) to send an anonymous note accusing Dantès of being a Bonapartist traitor.
Caderousse (Dantès' cowardly and selfish neighbor) is drunk while the two conspirators set the trap for Dantès and stays quiet as Dantès is arrested, then sentenced. Villefort, the deputy crown prosecutor in Marseille, destroys the letter from Elba when he discovers that it is addressed to his own father, Noirtier (who is a Bonapartist), since if this letter came into official hands, it would destroy his ambitions and reputation as a staunch Royalist.
To silence Dantès, he condemns him without trial to life imprisonment. After six years of imprisonment in the Château d'If, Dantès is on the verge of suicide when he befriends the Abbé Faria ("The Mad Priest"), a fellow prisoner who had dug an escape tunnel that ended up in Dantès' cell. Over the next eight years, Faria gives Dantès an extensive education in language, culture, and science. Knowing himself to be close to death, Faria tells Dantès the location of a treasure on the island of Monte Cristo.
When Faria dies, Dantès takes his place in the burial sack. When the guards throw the sack into the sea, Dantès breaks through and swims to a nearby island. He is rescued by a smuggling ship that stops at Monte Cristo. After recovering the treasure, Dantès returns to Marseille. He later purchases the island of Monte Cristo and the title of Count from the Tuscan government. Actor James O'Neill as the Abbé Busoni Traveling as the Abbé Busoni, Dantès meets Caderousse, now living in poverty, who regrets not intervening and possibly saving Dantès from prison.
He gives Caderousse a diamond that can be either a chance to redeem himself or a trap that will lead to his ruin. Learning that his old employer Morrel is on the verge of bankruptcy, Dantès buys Morrel's debts and gives Morrel three months to fulfill his obligations. At the end of the three months and with no way to repay his debts, Morrel is about to commit suicide when he learns that his debts have been mysteriously paid and that one of his lost ships has returned with a full cargo, secretly rebuilt and laden by Dantès.
The Count of Monte Cristo The coat of arms of the count are described in the original novel as "une montagne d’or, posant sur une mer d’azur, avec une croix de gueules au chef". Reappearing as the rich Count of Monte Cristo, Dantès begins his revenge on the three men responsible for his unjust imprisonment: Fernand, now Count de Morcerf and Mercédès' husband; Danglars, now a baron and a wealthy banker; and Villefort, now procureur du roi.
The Count appears first in Rome, where he becomes acquainted with the Baron Franz d'Épinay, and Viscount Albert de Morcerf, the son of Mercédès and Fernand. Dantès arranges for the young Morcerf to be captured by the bandit Luigi Vampa and then seemingly rescues him from Vampa's gang. The Count then moves to Paris and dazzles Danglars with his wealth, persuading him to extend him a credit of six million francs.
The Count manipulates the bond market and quickly destroys a large portion of Danglars' fortune. The rest of it begins to rapidly disappear through mysterious bankruptcies, suspensions of payment, and more bad luck in the Stock Exchange. Villefort had once conducted an affair with Madame Danglars. She became pregnant and delivered the child in the house that the Count has now purchased. To cover up the affair, Villefort told Madame Danglars that the infant was stillborn, smothered the child, and thinking him to be dead, buried him in the garden.
While Villefort was burying the child, he was stabbed by the smuggler Bertuccio, who unearthed the child and resuscitated him. Bertuccio's sister-in-law brought the child up, giving him the name "Benedetto." Benedetto takes up a life of crime as he grows into adolescence. He robs his adoptive mother (Bertuccio's sister-in-law) and ends up killing her, then runs away. Bertuccio later becomes the Count's servant and informs him of this history.
Benedetto is sentenced to the galleys with Caderousse, who had sold the diamond but killed both his wife and the buyer out of greed. After Benedetto and Caderousse are freed by Dantès, using the alias "Lord Wilmore," the Count induces Benedetto to take the identity of "Viscount Andrea Cavalcanti" and introduces him into Parisian society. Andrea ingratiates himself to Danglars, who betroths his daughter Eugénie to Andrea (not knowing they are half-siblings) after cancelling her engagement to Albert.
Meanwhile, Caderousse blackmails Andrea, threatening to reveal his past if he doesn't share his new-found wealth. Cornered by "Abbé Busoni" while attempting to rob the Count's house, Caderousse begs to be given another chance. Dantès forces him to write a letter to Danglars exposing Cavalcanti as an impostor and allows Caderousse to leave the house. The moment Caderousse leaves the estate, he is stabbed by Andrea.
Caderousse dictates a deathbed statement identifying his killer, and the Count reveals his true identity to Caderousse moments before he dies. Years before, Ali Pasha of Janina had been betrayed to the Turks by Fernand. After Ali's death, Fernand sold Ali's wife Vasiliki and his daughter Haydée into slavery. While Vasiliki died shortly thereafter, Dantès purchased Haydée. The Count manipulates Danglars into researching the event, which is published in a newspaper.
As a result, Fernand is investigated by his peers and disgraced. When Albert blames the Count for his father's downfall and challenges him to a duel, Mercédès, having already recognized Monte Cristo as Dantès, goes to the Count and begs him to spare her son. During this interview, she learns the truth of his arrest and imprisonment but still convinces the Count not to kill her son. Realizing that Edmond now intends to let Albert kill him, she reveals the truth to Albert, which causes Albert to make a public apology to the Count.
Albert and Mercédès disown Fernand, who is confronted with Dantès' true identity and commits suicide. Albert and Mercédès renounce their titles and wealth and depart to begin new lives. Valentine, Villefort's daughter by his late first wife, stands to inherit the fortune of her grandfather (Noirtier) and of her mother's parents (the Saint-Mérans), while Villefort's second wife Héloïse seeks the fortune for her son Édouard.
The Count is aware of Héloïse's intentions and introduces her to the technique of poison. Héloïse fatally poisons the Saint-Mérans, so that Valentine inherits their fortune. Valentine is disinherited by Noirtier in an attempt to prevent Valentine's impending marriage with Franz d'Épinay, whom she does not love. The marriage is cancelled when d'Épinay learns that his father (believed assassinated by Bonapartists) was actually killed by Noirtier in a fair duel.
Afterwards, Valentine is reinstated in Noirtier's will. After a failed attempt on Noirtier's life, Héloïse targets Valentine so that Édouard will get the fortune. However, Valentine is the prime suspect in her father's eyes in the deaths of the Saint-Mérans and Noirtier's servant, Barrois. On learning that Morrel's son Maximilien is in love with Valentine, the Count saves her by making it appear as though Héloïse's plan to poison Valentine has succeeded and that Valentine is dead.
Villefort learns from Noirtier that Héloïse is the real murderer and confronts her, giving her the choice of a public execution or committing suicide. Fleeing after Caderousse's letter exposes him, Andrea is arrested and returned to Paris, where Villefort prosecutes him. While in prison awaiting trial, Andrea is visited by Bertuccio, who tells him the truth about his father. At his trial, Andrea reveals that he is Villefort's son and was rescued after Villefort buried him alive.
Villefort admits his guilt and flees the court. He rushes home to stop his wife's suicide but is too late; she has poisoned her son as well. Dantès confronts Villefort, revealing his true identity, but this drives Villefort insane. Dantès tries but fails to resuscitate Édouard, causing him to question if he has gone too far. After the Count's manipulation of the bond market, Danglars is left with a destroyed reputation and 5,000,000 francs he has been holding in deposit for hospitals.
The Count demands this sum to fulfil their credit agreement, and Danglars embezzles the hospital fund. Abandoning his wife, Danglars flees to Italy with the Count's receipt and 50,000 francs. While leaving Rome, he is kidnapped by the Count's agent Luigi Vampa and is imprisoned. Forced to pay exorbitant prices for food and nearly starved to death, Danglars signs away his ill-gotten gains. Dantès anonymously returns the stolen money to the hospitals.
Danglars finally repents his crimes, and a softened Dantès forgives him and allows him to leave with his freedom and 50,000 francs. Maximilien Morrel, believing Valentine to be dead, contemplates suicide after her funeral. Dantès reveals his true identity and explains that he rescued Morrel's father from bankruptcy years earlier; he then tells Maximilien to reconsider his suicide. On the island of Monte Cristo, Dantès presents Valentine to Maximilien and reveals the true sequence of events.
Having found peace, Dantès leaves the newly reunited couple part of his fortune and departs for an unknown destination to find comfort and a new life with Haydée, who has declared her love for him. The reader is left with a final thought: "all human wisdom is contained in these two words, 'Wait and Hope'". Character relationships in The Count of Monte Cristo (click to enlarge) Characters Edmond Dantès and his aliases Edmond Dantès (born 1796): A sailor with good prospects, engaged to Mercédès.
After his transformation into the Count of Monte Cristo, he reveals his true name to his enemies as each revenge is completed. During the course of the novel, he falls in love with Haydée. The Count of Monte Cristo: The identity Dantès assumes when he emerges from prison and inherits his vast fortune. As a result, the Count of Monte Cristo is usually associated with a coldness and bitterness that comes from an existence based solely on revenge.
Chief Clerk of the banking firm Thomson & French, an Englishman Lord Wilmore: An Englishman, and the persona in which Dantès performs random acts of generosity. Sinbad the Sailor: The persona that Dantès assumes when he saves the Morrel family and assumes while mixing with smugglers and brigands. Abbé Busoni: The persona of an Italian priest with religious authority. Monsieur Zaccone: Dantès, in the guise of the Abbé Busoni, and again as Lord Wilmore, tells an investigator that this is the Count of Monte Cristo's true name.
Number 34: The name given to him by the new governor of Château d'If. Finding it too tedious to learn Dantès' real name, he was called by the number of his cell. The Maltese Sailor: The name he was known by after his rescue by smugglers from the island of Tiboulen. Dantès' allies Abbé Faria: Italian priest and sage. Imprisoned in the Château d'If. Edmond's dearest friend while in prison. Giovanni Bertuccio: The Count of Monte Cristo's steward and very loyal servant; foster father of Benedetto.
Luigi Vampa: celebrated Italian bandit and fugitive. Peppino: Formerly a shepherd, he is later a bandit and full member of Vampa's gang. Ali: Monte Cristo's mute Nubian slave. Baptistin: Monte Cristo's valet-de-chambre. Jacopo Manfredi: A poor smuggler who helps Dantès survive after he escapes prison. When Jacopo proves his selfless loyalty, Dantès rewards him with his own ship and crew. Haydée (sometimes spelled as Haidee): Monte Cristo's young, beautiful slave.
She is the daughter of Ali Tebelen. She is a major part of Dantès' plan to get revenge on Fernand. At the end, she and Monte Cristo become lovers. Morcerf family Mercédès Mondego (née Herrera): Edmond Dantès' lover and fiancée at the beginning of the story. She later marries Fernand and they have a son named Albert. Despite being Fernand's wife, she remains in love with Edmond. Fernand Mondego: Count de Morcerf, Dantès's rival and cousin of Mercédès, whom he eventually marries.
Fernand helped frame Edmond in order to get Mercédès and would later become a general in the army, which leads to his betrayal of Haydée's father and sells Haydée and her mother to gain the title "Count". Albert de Morcerf: Son of Mercédès and the Viscount de Morcerf, later becomes fond of Monte Cristo and sees him as a friend. Danglars family Baron Danglars: Dantès' jealous junior officer and mastermind behind his imprisonment, later a wealthy banker.
Madame Hermine Danglars (formerly Baroness Hermine de Nargonne née de Servieux): She had an affair with Gérard de Villefort. They had an illegitimate son, Benedetto. Eugénie Danglars: Daughter of Baron Danglars and Hermine Danglars. She is free-spirited and aspires to become an independent artist. Villefort family Gérard de Villefort: chief deputy prosecutor who imprisons Dantès, later becoming acquaintances as Dantès enacts his revenge.
Renée de Villefort, Renée de Saint-Méran: Gérard de Villefort's first wife, mother of Valentine. The Marquis and Marquise de Saint-Méran: Renée's parents. Valentine de Villefort: The daughter of Gérard de Villefort and his first wife, Renée. In love with Maximilien Morrel. Engaged to Baron Franz d'Épinay. She is 19 years old with chestnut hair, dark blue eyes, and "long white hands". Monsieur Noirtier de Villefort: The father of Gérard de Villefort and grandfather of Valentine, Édouard (and, without knowing it, Benedetto).
A committed anti-royalist. He is paralysed and only able to communicate with his eyes, but retains his mental faculties and acts as protector to Valentine. Héloïse de Villefort: The murderous second wife of Gérard de Villefort, mother of Edouard. Édouard de Villefort (Edward). The only legitimate son of Villefort. Benedetto: The illegitimate son of de Villefort and Baroness Hermine Danglars (Hermine de Nargonne), raised by Bertuccio and his sister-in-law, Assunta, in Rogliano.
Becomes "Andrea Cavalcanti" in Paris. Morrel family Pierre Morrel: Dantès's employer, owner of Morrel & Son. Maximilien Morrel: Son of Pierre Morrel, an army captain who becomes a friend of Dantès. In love with Valentine de Villefort. Julie Herbault: Daughter of Pierre Morrel, wife of Emmanuel Herbault. Emmanuel Herbault: an employee of Morrel & Son, who marries Julie Morrel and succeeds to the business.
Other characters Gaspard Caderousse: Originally a tailor and later the owner of an inn, he was a neighbour and friend of Dantès who fails to protect him at the beginning of the story and then turns to crime. Louis Dantès: Edmond Dantès' father, who dies from starvation during his son's imprisonment. Baron Franz d'Épinay: A friend of Albert de Morcerf, first fiancé of Valentine de Villefort. Lucien Debray: Secretary to the Minister of the Interior, a friend of Albert de Morcerf, and a lover of Madame Danglars, whom he provides with inside investment information, which she then passes on to her husband.
Beauchamp: Journalist and friend of Albert de Morcerf. Raoul, Baron de Château-Renaud: Member of a noble family and friend of Albert de Morcerf. Louise d'Armilly: Eugénie Danglars' music instructor and her intimate friend. Monsieur de Boville: Originally an inspector of prisons, later a detective in the Paris force. Barrois: Old, trusted servant of Monsieur de Noirtier. Monsieur d'Avrigny: Family doctor treating the Villefort family.
Major (also Marquis) Bartolomeo Cavalcanti: Old man who plays the role of Prince Andrea Cavalcanti's father. Ali Tebelen (Ali Tepelini in some versions): An Albanian nationalist leader, Pasha of Yanina, whom Fernand Mondego betrays, leading to Ali Pasha’s murder at the hands of the Turks and the seizure of his kingdom. His wife and daughter Haydée are sold into slavery by Fernand. Countess Teresa Guiccioli Publication The Count of Monte Cristo was originally published in the Journal des Débats in eighteen parts.
Serialization ran from August 28, 1844 to January 15, 1846. The first edition in book form was published in Paris by Pétion in 18 volumes with the first two issued in 1844 and the remaining sixteen in 1845. Most of the Belgian pirated editions, the first Paris edition and many others up to the Lécrivain et Toubon illustrated edition of 1860 feature a misspelling of the title with "Christo" used instead of "Cristo".
The first edition to feature the correct spelling was the L'Écho des Feuilletons illustrated edition, Paris 1846. This edition featured plates by Paul Gavarni and Tony Johannot and was said to be "revised" and "corrected", although only the chapter structure appears to have been altered with an additional chapter entitled La Maison des Allées de Meilhan having been created by splitting Le Départ into two.
 English translations The first appearance of The Count of Monte Cristo in English was the first part of a serialization by W. Francis Ainsworth in volume VII of Ainsworth's Magazine published in 1845, although this was an abridged summary of the first part of the novel only and was entitled The Prisoner of If. Ainsworth translated the remaining chapters of the novel, again in abridged form, and issued these in volumes VIII and IX of the magazine in 1845 and 1846 respectively.
 Another abridged serialisation appeared in The London Journal between 1846 and 1847. The first single volume translation in English was an abridged edition with woodcuts published by Geo Pierce in January 1846 entitled The Prisoner of If or The Revenge of Monte Christo. In April 1846, volume three of the Parlour Novelist, Belfast, Ireland: Simms and M'Intyre, London: W S Orr and Company, featured the first part of an unabridged translation of the novel by Emma Hardy.
The remaining two parts would be issued as the Count of Monte Christo volumes I and II in volumes 8 and 9 of the Parlour Novelist respectively. The most common English translation is an anonymous one originally published in 1846 by Chapman and Hall. This was originally released in ten weekly installments from March 1846 with six pages of letterpress and two illustrations by M Valentin. The translation was released in book form with all twenty illustrations in two volumes in May 1846, a month after the release of the first part of the above-mentioned translation by Emma Hardy.
 The translation follows the revised French edition of 1846, with the correct spelling of "Cristo" and the extra chapter The House on the Allées de Meilhan. Most English editions of the novel follow the anonymous translation. In 1889 two of the major American publishers Little Brown and T.Y Crowell updated the translation, correcting mistakes and revising the text to reflect the original serialised version.
This resulted in the removal of the chapter The House on the Allées de Meilhan, with the text restored to the end of the chapter called The Departure. In 1955 Collins published an updated version of the anonymous translation which cut several passages including a whole chapter entitled The Past and renamed others. This abridgement was republished by many Collins imprints and other publishers including the Modern Library, Vintage, the 1998 Oxford World's Classics edition (later editions restored the text) and the 2009 Everyman's Library edition.
In 1996 Penguin Classics published a new translation by Robin Buss. Buss's translation updated the language, making the text more accessible to modern readers, and restored content that was modified in the 1846 translation because of Victorian English social restrictions (for example, references to Eugénie's lesbian traits and behaviour) to reflect Dumas' original version. In addition to the above there have also been many abridged translations such as an 1892 edition published by F.
M Lupton, translated by Henry L. Williams (this translation was also released by M.J Ivers in 1892 with Williams using the pseudonym of Professor William Thiese). A more recent abridgement is the translation by Lowell Blair for Bantam Classics in 1956. In Japan The first Japanese translation by Kuroiwa Shūroku was entitled "Shigai Shiden Gankutsu-ou" (史外史伝巌窟王, "a historical story from outside history, the King of the Cavern"), and serialized from 1901–1902 in the Yorozu Chouhou newspaper, and released in book form in four volumes by publisher Aoki Suusandou in 1905.
Though later translations use the title "Monte Cristo-haku" (モンテ・クリスト伯, the Count of Monte Cristo), the "Gankutsu-ou" title remains highly associated with the novel and is often used as an alternative. As of March 2016, all movie adaptations of the novel brought to Japan used the title "Gankutsu-ou", with the exception of the 2002 film, which has it as a subtitle (with the title itself simply being "Monte Cristo").
The novel is popular in Japan, and has spawned numerous adaptations, the most notable of which are the novels Meiji Gankutsu-ou by Taijirou Murasame and Shin Gankutsu-ou by Kaitarō Hasegawa. Its influence can also be seen in how one of the first prominent cases of miscarriage of justice in Japan, in which an innocent man was charged with murder and imprisoned for half a century, is known in Japanese as the "Yoshida Gankutsu-ou incident" (吉田岩窟王事件).
Reception and legacy The original work was published in serial form in the Journal des Débats in 1844. Carlos Javier Villafane Mercado described the effect in Europe: The effect of the serials, which held vast audiences enthralled ... is unlike any experience of reading we are likely to have known ourselves, maybe something like that of a particularly gripping television series. Day after day, at breakfast or at work or on the street, people talked of little else.
 George Saintsbury stated: "Monte Cristo is said to have been at its first appearance, and for some time subsequently, the most popular book in Europe. Perhaps no novel within a given number of years had so many readers and penetrated into so many different countries." This popularity has extended into modern times as well. The book was "translated into virtually all modern languages and has never been out of print in most of them.
There have been at least twenty-nine motion pictures based on it ... as well as several television series, and many movies [have] worked the name 'Monte Cristo' into their titles." The title Monte Cristo lives on in a "famous gold mine, a line of luxury Cuban cigars, a sandwich, and any number of bars and casinos—it even lurks in the name of the street-corner hustle three-card monte." Modern Russian writer and philologist Vadim Nikolayev determined The Count of Monte-Cristo as a megapolyphonic novel.
 The novel has been the inspiration for many other works, from Lew Wallace's Ben-Hur (1880), a science fiction retelling in Alfred Bester's The Stars My Destination, to Stephen Fry's contemporary The Stars' Tennis Balls. Historical background The success of Monte Cristo coincides with France's Second Empire. In the book, Dumas tells of the 1815 return of Napoleon I, and alludes to contemporary events when the governor at the Château d'If is promoted to a position at the castle of Ham.
[Notes 1] The attitude of Dumas towards "bonapartisme" was conflicted. His father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas,[Notes 2] a Haitian of mixed descent, became a successful general during the French Revolution. New racial-discrimination laws were applied in 1802, and the general was dismissed from the army and became profoundly bitter toward Napoleon. In 1840, the ashes of Napoleon I were brought to France and became an object of veneration in the church of Les Invalides, renewing popular patriotic support for the Bonaparte family.
In "Causeries" (1860), Dumas published a short paper, "État civil du Comte de Monte-Cristo", on the genesis of the Count of Monte-Cristo.[Notes 3] It appears that Dumas had close contacts with members of the Bonaparte family while living in Florence in 1841. In a small boat he sailed around the island of Monte-Cristo accompanied by a young prince, a cousin to Louis Bonaparte, who was to become Emperor of the French ten years later.
During this trip he promised the prince that he would write a novel with the island's name in the title. At that time the future emperor was imprisoned at the citadel of Ham – a name that is mentioned in the novel. Dumas did visit him there, although he does not mention it in "Etat civil". A chronology of The Count of Monte Cristo and Bonapartism During the life of Thomas-Alexandre Dumas: 1793: Thomas-Alexandre Dumas is promoted to the rank of general in the army of the First French Republic.
1794: He disapproves of the revolutionary terror in Western France. 1795–97: He becomes famous and fights under Napoleon. 1802: Black officers are dismissed from the army. The Empire re-establishes slavery. 1802: Birth of his son, Alexandre Dumas père. 1806: Thomas-Alexandre Dumas dies, still bitter about the injustice of the Empire. During the life of Alexandre Dumas: 1832: The only son of Napoleon I dies.
1836: Alexandre Dumas is famous as a writer by this time (age 34). 1836: First putsch by Louis Napoleon, aged 28, fails. 1840: A law is passed to bring the ashes of Napoleon I to France. 1840: Second putsch of Louis Napoleon. He is imprisoned for life and becomes known as the candidate for the imperial succession. 1841: Dumas lives in Florence and becomes acquainted with King Jérôme and his son, Napoléon.
1841–44: The story is conceived and written. 1844–46: The story is published in parts in a Parisian magazine. 1846: The novel is published in full and becomes a European bestseller. 1846: Louis Napoleon escapes from his prison. 1848: French Second Republic. Louis Napoleon is elected its first president but Dumas does not vote for him. 1857: Dumas publishes État civil du Comte de Monte-Cristo Selected notable adaptations Further information: The Count of Monte Cristo (disambiguation) Classic Comics, The Count of Monte Cristo, Issue #3, published 1942.
Film and television Hobart Bosworth (right) in The Count of Monte Cristo (1908) Edmond Dantès (James O'Neill) loosens a stone before making his escape from the Château d'If in The Count of Monte Cristo (1913) 1908: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent film starring Hobart Bosworth 1913: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent film starring James O'Neill 1918: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent-film serial starring Léon Mathot 1922: Monte Cristo, directed by Emmett J.
Flynn 1929: Monte Cristo, restored silent epic directed by Henri Fescourt 1934: The Count of Monte Cristo, directed by Rowland V. Lee 1940: The Son of Monte Cristo, directed by Rowland V. Lee 1942 The Count of Monte Cristo (Spanish: El Conde de Montecristo), a Mexican version directed by Chano Urueta and starred by Arturo de Córdova 1946: The Return of Monte Cristo, directed by Henry Levin 1950: The Prince of Revenge, Egyptian movie, directed by Henry Barkat 1953:The Count of Monte Cristo (Spanish: El Conde de Montecristo), directed by León Klimovsky and starred by Jorge Mistral 1954: The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Jean Marais 1956: The Count of Monte Cristo, TV series based on further adventures of Edmond Dantès after the end of the novel 1958: Vanjikottai Valiban (வஞ்சிக்கோட்டை வாலிபன்), Tamil film adaptation and its Hindi remake Raaj Tilak.
1961: Le comte de Monte Cristo, starring Louis Jourdan, directed by Claude Autant-Lara 1964: The Count of Monte Cristo, BBC television serial starring Alan Badel and Natasha Parry 1964: The Prince of Astuteness (أمير الدهاء), Egyptian Movie directed by Henry Barkat, Starring Farid Shawky 1966: Il conte di Montecristo, RAI Italian television serial directed by Edmo Fenoglio. starring Andrea Giordana 1968: Sous le signe de Monte Cristo, French movie starring Paul Barge, Claude Jade and Anny Duperey, directed by André Hunebelle, and set in 1947 1973: The Count of Monte Cristo, animated short produced by Hanna-Barbera 1975: The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Richard Chamberlain, directed by David Greene 1977: The Great Vendetta (大報復), Hong Kong television serial starring Adam Cheng, in which the background of the story is changed to Southern China during the Republican Era.
1979: Nihon Gankutsuou (日本巌窟王), Japanese television serial set in Edo period, starring Masao Kusakari. 1979: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (1979 TV series), French TV series starring Jacques Weber. 1982: Padayottam, a Malayalam Film adaption set in Kerala context, directed by Jijo Punnoose starring Prem Nazir, Mammootty and Mohanlal 1984: La Dueña a 1984 Venezuelan telenovela with a female version of Edmond Dantès.
1986: Veta, Telugu film adaptation. 1988: Uznik Zamka If (litt. The Prisoner of Castle If ), Soviet miniseries starring Viktor Avilov (Count of Monte Cristo) and Aleksei Petrenko (Abbé Faria), with music and songs of Alexander Gradsky Garfield and Friends episode "The Discount of Monte Cristo", a retelling of the story using the characters from U.S. Acres as the cast. Aloysius Pig, voiced by comedian Kevin Meaney, tries to cut the cost of the story, even though the characters are using their imaginations.
1998: The Count of Monte Cristo, television miniseries starring Gérard Depardieu 1999: Forever Mine, film starring Joseph Fiennes, Ray Liotta and Gretchen Mol, loosely but clearly based upon The Count of Monte Cristo, directed/written by Paul Schrader 2002: The Count of Monte Cristo, directed by Kevin Reynolds and starring Jim Caviezel, Dagmara Domińczyk, Richard Harris and Guy Pearce 2004: Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo (巌窟王 Gankutsuoo, literally The King of the Cave), Japanese animation adaptation.
Produced by Gonzo, directed by Mahiro Maeda 2006: Vingança, telenovela directed by Rodrigo Riccó and Paulo Rosa, SIC Portugal 2006: Montecristo, Argentine telenovela starring Pablo Echarri and Paola Krum 2010: Ezel, a Turkish television series billed as an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo. 2011 : Un amore e una vendetta (English: Love and Vendetta) an Italian television series loosely based on the book.
2011: Revenge, a television series billed as an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo. 2016: Goodbye Mr. Black, a TV series loosely based on The Count of Monte Cristo" 2016: Once Upon a Time's sixth season features the Count as a character, portrayed by Craig Horner. Several characters and plot elements from the story are also alluded to. 2018: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (2018 TV series), Japanese TV series starring Dean Fujioka.
TBA: David S. Goyer will direct a film adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo. Literary adaptations 1956: The Stars My Destination, Alfred Bester 2000: The Stars' Tennis Balls, Stephen Fry 2008: A Prisoner of Birth, Jeffrey Archer 2008: Master, an erotic version, Colette Gale 2008: Airman, Eoin Colfer 2010: Getting Revenge on Lauren Wood, A YA novel by Eileen Cook, which deals with popularity and bullying.
Sequels (books) 1853: A Mão do finado, Alfredo Hogan 1881: The Son of Monte Cristo, Jules Lermina (1839–1915). This novel was divided in the English translation into two books: The Wife of Monte Cristo and The Son of Monte Cristo). Both were published in English in New York, 1884, translated by Jacob Arbabanell (1852–1922). Lermina also penned Le Trésor de Monte-Cristo [The Treasure of Monte-Cristo] (1885) 1884: Edmond Dantès: The Sequel to Alexander Dumas' Celebrated Novel The Count of Monte Cristo, Edmund Flagg (1815–1890).
Published in English by T.B.Peterson and Bros. in 1886 (no translator credited). 1884: Monte-Cristo's Daughter sequel to Alexander Dumas' great novel, the "Count of Monte-Cristo," and Conclusion of "Edmond Dantès", Edmund Flagg. Published in English by T.B.Peterson and Bros. in 1886 (no translator credited). 1869: The Countess of Monte Cristo, Jean Charles Du Boys (1836-1873). Published in English by T.
B.Peterson and Bros. in 1871 (no translator credited). 1887: Monte Cristo and his wife, presumably by Jacob Ralph Abarbanell 1902: Countess of Monte Cristo, by Abarbanell Plays and musicals scripts Alexandre Dumas and Auguste Maquet wrote a set of four plays that collectively told the story of The Count of Monte Cristo: Monte Cristo Part I (1848); Monte Cristo Part II (1848); Le Comte de Morcerf (1851) and Villefort (1851).
The first two plays were first performed at Dumas' own Théâtre Historique in February 1848, with the performance spread over two nights, each with a long duration (the first evening ran from 18:00 until 00:00). The play was also unsuccessfully performed at Drury Lane in London later that year where rioting erupted in protest at French companies performing in England. The adaptation differs from the novel in many respects: several characters, such as Luigi Vampa, are excluded; Whereas the novel includes many different plot threads that are brought together at the conclusion, the third and fourth plays deal only with the fate of Mondego and Villefort respectively (Danglars fate is not featured at all); the play is the first to feature Dantès shouting "the world is mine!", an iconic line that would be used in many future adaptations.
Two English adaptations of the novel were published in 1868. The first, by Hailes Lacy, differs only slightly from Dumas' version with the main change being that Fernand Mondego is killed in a duel with the Count rather than committing suicide. Much more radical was the version by Charles Fechter, a notable French-Anglo actor. The play faithfully follows the first part of the novel, omits the Rome section and makes several sweeping changes to the third part, among the most significant being that Albert is actually the son of Dantès.
The fates of the three main antagonists are also altered: Villefort, whose fate is dealt with quite early on in the play, kills himself after being foiled by The Count trying to kill Noirtier (Villefort's half brother in this version); Mondego kills himself after being confronted by Mercedes; Danglars is killed by The Count in a duel. The ending sees Dantès and Mercedes reunited and the character of Haydee is not featured at all.
The play was first performed at the Adelphi in London in October 1868. The original duration was five hours, resulting in Fechter abridging the play, which, despite negative reviews, had a respectable sixteen-week run. Fechter moved to the United States in 1869 and Monte Cristo was chosen for the inaugural play at the opening of the Globe Theatre, Boston in 1870. Fechter last performed the role in 1878.
In 1883 John Stetson, manager of the Booth Theatre and The Globe Theatre, wanted to revive the play and asked James O'Neill to perform the lead role. O'Neill, who had never seen Fechter perform, made the role his own and the play became a commercial, if not an artistic success. O'Neill made several abridgements to the play and eventually bought it from Stetson. A motion picture based on Fechter's play, with O'Neill in the title role, was released in 1913 but was not a huge success.
O'Neill died in 1920, two years before a more successful motion picture, produced by Fox and partially based on Fechter's version, was released. The Count of Monte Cristo is a musical based on the novel, with influences from the 2002 film adaptation of the book. The music is written by Frank Wildhorn and the lyrics and book are by Jack Murphy. It debuted in Switzerland in 2009. Audio adaptations Newspaper advertisement for The Campbell Playhouse presentation of "The Count of Monte Cristo" (October 1, 1939) 1938: The Mercury Theatre on the Air with Orson Welles (Dantés), Ray Collins (Abbé Faria), George Coulouris (Monsieur Morrel), Edgar Barrier (de Villefort), Eustace Wyatt (Caderousse), Paul Stewart (Paul Dantés) Sidney Smith (Mondego), Richard Wilson (the Officer), Virginia Welles (Mercédès); radio broadcast August 29, 1938.
:345 1939: The Campbell Playhouse with Orson Welles (Dantés), Ray Collins (Caderousse), Everett Sloane (Abbé Faria), Frank Readick (Villefort), George Coulouris (Danglars), Edgar Barrier (Mondego), Richard Wilson (a Jailer), Agnes Moorehead (Mercédès); radio broadcast October 1, 1939.:354 1939: Robert Montgomery on the Lux Radio Theater (radio) 1947–52: The Count of Monte Cristo radio program starring Carleton Young 1960s: Paul Daneman for Tale Spinners For Children series (LP) UAC 11044 1961: Louis Jourdan for Caedmon Records (LP) 1964: Per Edström director (radio series in Sweden) 1987: Andrew Sachs on BBC Radio 4 (later BBC Radio 7 and BBC Radio 4 Extra) 1989: Richard Matthews for Penguin Random House (ISBN 978-141-591-221-8) 2005: John Lee for Blackstone Audio 2010: Bill Homewood for Naxos Audiobooks (ISBN 978-962-634-134-6) 2012: Iain Glen on BBC Radio 4 written by Sebastian Baczkiewicz and directed by Jeremy Mortimer and Sasha Yevtushenko, with Richard Johnson as Faria, Jane Lapotaire as the aged Haydee, Toby Jones as Danglars, Zubin Varla as Fernand, Paul Rhys as Villefort and Josette Simon as Mercedes.
 2017:The Count of Monte Cristo musical adaption by Berry & Butler Video games 1996: Jīdū Shān En Chóu Jì – Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (基督山恩仇記), a Chinese-language Nintendo Famicom game produced by Waixing Computer Science & Technology 2014: Count of Monte-Cristo phone app (in English and Romanian). A puzzle game that comes with a level editor. 2016: In Fate/Grand Order, Edmond Dantès was available for summoning as an Avenger-class servant.
Type-Moon also produced an accompanying drama CD about Monte Cristo and various people from his past including Haydée and Abbe Faria. Notes ^ On p. 140 of the Pléiade edition the governor at the Château d'If is promoted to a position at the castle of Ham, which is the castle where Louis Napoleon was imprisoned 1840–46. ^ Thomas Alexandre Dumas was also known as Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie.
^ "État civil du Comte de Monte-Cristo" is included in the Pléiade edition (Paris, 1981) as an "annexe". References ^ Schopp, Claude, Genius of Life, p. 325 ^ "The Alexandre Dumas père Web Site". Georges.Retrieved 2006-04-06 ^ Alexandre Dumas, The Count of Monte Cristo 2004, Barnes & Noble Books, New York. ISBN 978-1-59308-333-5. p. xxv (TCMC) ^ Etat civil du Comte de Monte-Cristo in Causeries, chapter IX (1857).
See also the introduction of the Pléiade edition of Le comte de Monte-Cristo (1981) ^ Le Diamant et la Vengeance in Mémoires tirés des Archives de la Police de Paris, vol. 5, chapter LXXIV, p. 197 ^ True Stories of Immortal Crimes, H. Ashton-Wolfe, 1931, E. P. Dutton & Co., pp. 16–17 ^ David Coward (ed), Oxford's World Classics, Dumas, Alexandre, The Count of Monte Cristo, p. xxv ^ a b c d e f Munro, Douglas (1978).
Alexandre Dumas Père: a bibliography of works translated into English to 1910. Garland Pub. pp. 91–92. ^ "The Morning Post Front Page". The Morning Post. February 26, 1846. Retrieved 14 January 2015. ^ Dumas, Alexandre (1889). The Count of Monte Cristo. Little Brown and Company. ^ Dumas, Alexandre (1889). The Count of Monte Cristo : or, The Adventures of Edmond Dantès. T.Y Crowell. ^ Dumas, Alexandre (1955).
The Count of Monte Cristo with an introduction by Richard Church. Collins. ^ a b TCMC p. xxiv ^ TCMC p. 601 ^ TCMC pp. xxiv–xxv ^ (in Russian)Shakespeare and Le Comte de Monte-Cristo | The electronic encyclopedia World of Shakespeare ^ Lew Wallace (1906), Lew Wallace; an Autobiography p. 936 ISBN 1-142-04820-9 ^ (in French)The Stars My Destination, Pastiche Dumas site ^ Fry says The Stars' Tennis Balls (2000) (entitled Revenge in the US, is "a straight steal, virtually identical in all but period and style to Alexandre Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo"; most character names are anagrams or cryptic references from Dumas' work.
See Fry, Stephen (2003) Revenge (Introduction) Random House Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 0-8129-6819-0 ^ Pierre Milza (2004) Napoléon III. Perrin. ^ "Once Upon a Time books Legend of the Seeker star — exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016. ^ "David Goyer to Direct 'Count of Monte Cristo' Remake (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
^ Gans, Andrew.Borchert to Star in World Premiere of Wildhorn's Count of Monte Cristo", playbill.com, February 18, 2009 ^ a b Welles, Orson; Bogdanovich, Peter; Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1992). This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-06-016616-9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-20. Retrieved 2013-05-19. ^ "BBC Radio 4 – Classic Serial, The Count of Monte Cristo, Episode 1".
BBC. Retrieved 4 October 2014. ^ "Home". The Count Of Monte Cristo. Further reading Maurois, André (1957). The Titans, a three-generation biography of the Dumas. trans. by Gerard Hopkins. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers. OCLC 260126. Schopp, Claude (1988). Alexandre Dumas, Genius of Life. trans. by A. J. Koch. New York, Toronto: Franklin Watts. ISBN 0-531-15093-3. Salien, Jean-Marie.
La subversion de l’orientalisme dans Le comte de Monte-Cristo d’Alexandre Dumas, Études françaises, vol. 36, n° 1, 2000, pp. 179–190 Toesca, Catherine (2002). Les sept Monte-Cristo d'Alexandre Dumas. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. ISBN 2-7068-1613-9. Lenotre, G. La conquête et le règne in Revue des Deux Mondes, Jan/Feb 1919 Blaze de Bury, H. (1885). Alexandre Dumas : sa vie, son temps, son oeuvre Maccinelli, Clara; Animato, Carlo (1991).
"Il Conte di Montecristo" : Favola alchemica e massonica vendetta, Edizioni Mediterranee. ISBN 88-272-0791-0 Cécile Raynal, Promenade médico-pharmaceutique à travers l'œuvre d'Alexandre Dumas, in Revue d'histoire de la pharmacie, 2002, Volume 90, N. 333, pp. 111–146 Reiss, Tom,(2013), The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo, ISBN 0307382478 External links Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Count of Monte Cristo Reis, Tom, The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo French Wikisource has original text related to this article: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Count of Monte Cristo.
Critical approach on The Count of Monte Cristo by Enrique Javier González Camacho in Gibralfaro, the journal of creative writing and humanities at the University of Malaga (in Spanish) The Count of Monte Cristo public domain audiobook at LibriVox Tale Spinners for Children: The Count of Monte Cristo MP3 download Pierre Picaud: The "Real" Count "Count of Monte Cristo Paris Walking Tour" identifies locations from the novel in Paris mapped on Google Maps The Count of Monte Cristo on Open Library at the Internet Archive The Count of Monte Cristo on BBC Radio 7 The Count of Monte Cristo on Shmoop.
com The Count of Monte Cristo on Project Gutenberg v t e Alexandre Dumas, père Novels The Count of Monte Cristo The Three Musketeers The Corsican Brothers The Black Tulip Captain Pamphile Le Chevalier de Maison-Rouge La Dame de Monsoreau Georges The Knight of Sainte-Hermine The Queen's Necklace La Reine Margot The New Troy Twenty Years After The Two Dianas The Vicomte de Bragelonne The Wolf Leader La Sanfelice The Women's War Characters Edmond Dantès Aramis Athos Anne of Austria d'Artagnan Abbé Faria Milady de Winter Porthos Cardinal Richelieu Comte de Rochefort M.
de Tréville Films The Brigand (1952) The Corsican Brothers (1941) The Count of Monte Cristo (1934) The Count of Monte Cristo (1975) The Count of Monte Cristo (1998) The Count of Monte Cristo (2002) D'Artagnan and Three Musketeers The Fifth Musketeer The Four Musketeers (1936) The Four Musketeers (1974) The Iron Mask The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) The Man in the Iron Mask (1977) The Man in the Iron Mask (1998) The Man in the Iron Mask Mickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers The Musketeer La Reine Margot (1954) La Reine Margot (1994) soundtrack The Return of the Musketeers Les Trois Mousquetaires The Three Musketeers (1921) The Three Musketeers (1933) The Three Musketeers (1948) The Three Musketeers (1969) The Three Musketeers (1973) The Three Musketeers (1992 animated) The Three Musketeers (1993) The Three Musketeers (2011) TV programmes Gankutsuou Albert the Fifth Musketeer The Count of Monte Cristo Dogtanian and the Three Muskehounds Young Blades The Three Musketeers The Musketeers Related Alexandre Dumas, fils (son) Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (father) Marie-Cessette Dumas (grandmother) Auguste Maquet (collaborator) Théâtre Historique Château de Monte-Cristo L'Autre Dumas (2010 film) v t e The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas Characters Edmond Dantès Abbé Faria Films The Count of Monte Cristo (1913) Monte Cristo (1922) The Count of Monte Cristo (1929) The Count of Monte Cristo (1934) The Son of Monte Cristo (1940) El Conde de Monte Cristo (1942) The Count of Monte Cristo (1943) The Return of Monte Cristo (1946) The Wife of Monte Cristo (1946) Mask of the Avenger (1951) The Sword of Monte Cristo (1951) The Count of Monte Cristo (1953) The Count of Monte Cristo (1954) Vanjikottai Valiban (1958) Raj Tilak (1958) The Count of Monte Cristo (1961) The Treasure of Monte Cristo (1961) The Count of Monte Cristo (1975) Padayottam Veta The Count of Monte Cristo (2002) Television The Count of Monte Cristo (1956) The Count of Monte Cristo (1964) The Count of Monte Cristo (1998 miniseries) Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo Montecristo Ezel Revenge Yago Literature The Stars My Destination The Stars' Tennis Balls A Prisoner of Birth Other The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo (biography) The Count of Monte Cristo (Wildhorn-Murphy musical) The Count of Monte Cristo (Behr musical) Christ 0 (album) Related Auguste Maquet (collaborator) Pierre Picaud L'Autre Dumas (2010 film) "Revenge Is a Dish Best Served Three Times" Gankutsuou characters Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 177357373 GND: 4362352-9 SUDOC: 027500861 BNF: cb119526826 (data) Retrieved from "https://en.
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Title Length Color Rating Alexander Dumas' "The Count of Monte Cristo" - The Count of Monte Cristo, a captivating novel written by Alexander Dumas, tells the story of a young French sailor, Edmond Dantès, in 1815 who spends fourteen years in prison through the acts of his jealous and conspiring enemies. He eventually escapes with hatred and a vengeance that calculatingly dictates the kind of man he develops into.
In this novel the Count of Monte Cristo, in secret Dantès, seeks nearly unrelenting revenge when he returns to Marseilles looking for his enemies. Acting under the self proclamation of divine providence, Dantès spends the first ten years of freedom, a prisoner of no emotion other then vengeful hatred.... [tags: Count of Monte Cristo, Alexander Dumas, ] 525 words(1.5 pages) Good Essays [preview] Shakespearean Influences on Alexandre Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo - Alexandre Dumas was a well known author who came along about two centuries after William Shakespeare, whom he studied well.
In fact, connections of literary elements, symbolisms, and themes can be found between his works and Shakespeare's. However, Shakespeare was a playwright and Dumas was a novelist. In this paper, some of the aforementioned similarities will be revealed to you and evaluated; specifically, they will be between The Count of Monte Cristo and any of Shakespeare's works. Perhaps the most obvious usage appears at the end of The Count of Monte Cristo when Valentine is "poisoned" to appear dead, but in reality she is then stowed away on the Isle of Monte Cristo to await Maximill.
.. [tags: the count of monte cristo]:: 9 Works Cited 728 words(2.1 pages) Better Essays [preview] The Influence of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet on Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo - Alexandre Dumas, author of The Count of Monte Cristo , was greatly influenced by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet . He used Shakespeare's way of using poison to incorporate one's love and perseverance to be with their true love.
Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24, 1802 and started writing books and performances in 1822, he was inspired by William Shakespeare, Lord George Gordon Byron, and Sir Walter Scott . William Shakespeare was his greatest inspiration, Shakespeare's work influenced Dumas's book, The Count of Monte Cristo.... [tags: the count of monte cristo]:: 3 Works Cited 851 words(2.4 pages) Better Essays [preview] Vengeance in The Count of Monte Cristo - Vengeance in The Count of Monte Cristo The corpse of Madame de Villefort lay stretched across the doorway leading to the room in which Edward's lifeless body resided.
Eyes filled with tears, the miserable M. de Villefort revealed the sorrowful scene to Dantes. After beholding the results of his revenge "Monte Cristo became pale at this horrible sight; he felt he had passed beyond the bounds of vengeance, and that he could no longer say 'God is for and with me.'" Set in France during the turmoil of the Napoleonic Era, The Count of Monte Cristo is an intricate tale of obsession and revenge.
... [tags: The Count of Monte Cristo] 699 words(2 pages) Better Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo The Count of Monte Cristo is an interesting tale about a sailor named Dantes who changes his whole persona in order to get back at his enemies. Dantes becomes a number of different people in order to carry out his plans. The changes Dantes went through made his different stages as a sailor and later as a mastermind of vengeance seem like day and night.
Although Dantes seems very naïve at the beginning of the story, he becomes very sharp during his stay in jail.... [tags: The Count of Monte Cristo] 824 words(2.4 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Identity Changes in The Count of Monte Cristo - Identity Changes in The Count of Monte Cristo The Count of Monte Cristo is a very sourceful book with characters creating different and new identities. Fernand changes to Count de Morcerf during the time of Dantes' imprisonment, Mercedes changes to Countess de Morcerf after her marriage to Fernand, Cadderouse changes to M.
Pilletin, Benedetto changes to Andrea Cavalcanti to disguise and murders Cadderouse, and last but certaintly not least Edmund Dantes with the various identity changes.... [tags: The Count of Monte Cristo] 907 words(2.6 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Analysis of The Count of Monte Cristo - Analysis of The Count of Monte Cristo The theme of The Count of Monte Cristo is one of vengeance and forgiveness, power and powerlessness.
When Dantes is unfairly given a life-prison sentence by his enemies (Villefort, Danglars, and Fernand), he spends every waking moment planning his revenge. As soon as Dantes miraculously escapes and returns to the world with riches, he sees it as a sign that God has opened for him the door of revenge. He is no longer his former self. Fourteen years behind bars in a dark cell has given him a criminal’s mind.
... [tags: The Count of Monte Cristo Vengence Power Essays] 405 words(1.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Revenge Does nNot Bring Happiness in The Count of Monte Cristo - It is believed by many that it is human nature to deem themselves to be a tantamount to God. Such is the case when one decides to take revenge against those who wrong him. Though vengeance seems like the perfect way to achieve justice, a sense of equity, in actuality it is merely an unsatisfactory hypocritical action.
This is the definitive realization of the protagonist, Edmond Dantès in Alexandre Dumas’ “The Count of Monte Cristo”. The protagonist comes to understand that after a lifetime of searching for justice, he really only yearns justice from himself.... [tags: The Count of Monte Cristo] 2184 words(6.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count Of Monte Cristo Review - The Count of Monte Cristo was written by a mixed frenchman Alexandre Dumas in 1844.
This was around the time of the French industrial exposition was going on as well as the Franco Moroccan War. This is also around the time that Napoleon was in power in France. Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24th, 1802 in Villers-Cotterets, France. His birth name was Dumas Davy De La Pailleterie. He was and still is a widely read french author as his works have been translated into over one hundred languages and his books have also been made into a little over 200 movies.
... [tags: alexandre dumas, monte cristo]:: 8 Works Cited 1962 words(5.6 pages) Term Papers [preview] Identity in The Count of Monte Cristo - Identity in The Count of Monte Cristo An identity is more than just a name. Sometimes an identity is the first thing and possible the only thing a person notices about one or the other. A person's identity can represent their culture, their race and sometimes, even possible their family background.
My identity is what represents me. For those who does not know me personally but knows my name, knows my identity. This identity is what people will recognize me as for now and possible for ever.... [tags: Monte Cristo] 781 words(2.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Metamorphosises of Dantes in The Count of Monte Cristo - The Metamorphosises of Dantes in The Count of Monte Cristo In Alexandre Dumas's The Count of Monte Cristo the main character, Edmond Dantes, takes on various identities.
Some people have even argued that his continuing metamorphosises verge on Multiple Personality Disorder. Those people are wrong. Though he does exhibit similiar symptoms, Dantes differs from MPD sufferers in that he is fully conscious of the new identities he takes on. In fact, he does changes intentionally.... [tags: Monte Cristo] 484 words(1.4 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Women in The Count of Monte Cristo - Women in The Count of Monte Cristo possess unique personalities, but intensely similar restrictions.
Currently, women in the United States, as well as other countries, are able to have jobs, travel, and participate in many other activities that the ladies Dumas portrays are not allowed to. Feminist analysis of this book reveals the ways of the time and the delicate balance of society’s typical structure. In The Count of Monte Cristo, Alexandre Dumas realistically conveys that when women violate their traditional roles, the balance of life is disrupted.
... [tags: mother, caretaker, dumas, dantes]:: 3 Works Cited 964 words(2.8 pages) Better Essays [preview] Archetypes in the Count of Monte Cristo - In modern times, phrases such as “an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind,” are commonly used. Also, the mere word revenge holds negative connotations as it is seen as immature and unnecessary. The theme of revenge uses archetypes to develop ideas without having to reiterate their meaning.
According to the creator of the term, Carl Jung, “archetypes are defined as being a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches.” (Dictionary) The Count of Monte Cristo, one of the novels that pioneer this theme, tells the story of a man’s quest for revenge on those who betrayed him.... [tags: film analysis, alexandre dumas]:: 4 Works Cited 1279 words(3.
7 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Revenge of The Count of Monte Cristo - Alexandre Dumas was a historical French novelist and a famous play writer of the eighteenth century romantic era. One of the novels Dumas is most famous for is “The Count of Monte Cristo” of 1844. It is a story about a poor sailor named Edmond Dantes who was cruelly framed for treason, deceived, and sent to prison for a long time.
After he discovers how his fate has come to be, he devises a very clever plan to escape and get his revenge on all parties involved with his mistreatment. To this date, “The Count of Monte Cristo” is one of the most well-known tales regarding love and revenge.... [tags: Alexandre Dumas, French Novelist, Analysis]:: 5 Works Cited 1568 words(4.5 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo - Mercédès Contrast of Madame de Villefort Love and hate are most common and basic traits that portray characters in novels.
Hate is strong characteristic to have because it can bring out the worst qualities out of person those who are considered loving people. Love is quality that describe as passion or affection for others.In the Count of Monte Cristo Mercédès and Madame De Villefort have these qualities and they are both very different. They are very different because Mercédès is beautiful loving women and Madame De Villefort is a hateful woman who is jealousy and greedy.
... [tags: Characters, Mercedes, Villefort]:: 1 Works Cited 861 words(2.5 pages) Better Essays [preview] Valentine de Villefort: The Count of Monte Cristo Character Analysis - In the Count of Monte Cristo, by Alexandre Dumas, a reserved character encountered many experiences and complications that helped them become more mature and independent. Valentine, or Mademoiselle de Villefort, . In the later parts of the novel, she went through a test set forth by the Count, a mysterious and educated man, to test her love and loyalty towards Maximilien, her true love.
The test altered how Valentine acted and even helped her see outside of her enclosed life and glimpse at reality with all its imperfections.... [tags: alexandre dumas, monte cristo, villefort] 1234 words(3.5 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo: Revenge and Justice - Revenge is best served cold or so says the well-known expression. This idea of revenge that they seek is usually to restore a balance and take an “eye for an eye” as the bible says.
Revenge, if by chance everyone were in Plato’s perfect utopia, would be in a perfect form, where justice and revenge would be one, and the coined phrase an “eye for an eye” would be taken literally. By taking an eye for and eye, and punishing those who did wrong equally as they did wrong, there is justice. However, this revenge sometimes goes to far and is consequently not justice.... [tags: the bible, Hammurabi’s Code]:: 1 Works Cited 992 words(2.
8 pages) Better Essays [preview] Eyes of Revenge: The Count of Monte Cristo - ... The horses escape and terrorized Madame Villefort and Edward her son. The Count saves them by having his slave lasso them. The Count invites them to his party and reveals that there was a murder at his house where Danglars used to live. Villefort’s mother and father in laws were killed. Valentine’s grandfather has a stroke and doctors said he was poisoned.
He narrowed down that she poisoned him when she bought his drink. She was to be condemned to death but instead was disinherited. Frantz was to be betrothed to Valentine but called it off.... [tags: Alexander Dumas novels]:: 1 Works Cited 1305 words(3.7 pages) Term Papers [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo: Classically Entertaining - The Count of Monte Cristo is fabulously entertaining with its mixture of revenge, love, suspense, and action sequences; transporting audiences back to a time when honor and loyalty were highly valued and a man’s last name was more important than the man himself.
It seems there is something for everyone in this film. While the beautiful love story speaks to the romantic, the dueling swordplay and thought of buried treasure speaks to the inner child. Everyone in between will likely be moved by some aspect of the film.... [tags: Film Review ]:: 3 Works Cited 1594 words(4.6 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Eyes of Revenge: The Count of Monte Cristo - ... His daughter that he claimed is known as Madame Petel (Oxenhander 471, “Dumas, Alexandre”).
Dumas was a man who wanted to be involved in any way possible. He decided to enlist in the National Guard, where he became a captain. He also took a role in the July 1830 revolution in Bastille where France got its independence (Liukkonen). Before Dumas became the illustrious writer that everyone knew about, he worked a clerk for a couple of years. He began writing at young and wrote vaudeville plays that were light musical comedies.
... [tags: Alexander Dumas novel analysis]:: 1 Works Cited 938 words(2.7 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas - "Count of Monte Cristo" by Alexandre Dumas 1. "Suddenly, toward nine o'clock at night, he heard a faint noise coming from the wall next to which he was lying [....] to his scattering thougts." (Dumas 43) After being imprisoned, Edmond lost all his hope and spirit and swore to abstain from eating.
He fought to starve himself to death to escape from his suffering. As soon as Edmond hears his neighborhood scratching and working away on the wall between them, he becomes galvanized by hope that he isn't alone.... [tags: story analysis] 668 words(1.9 pages) Better Essays [preview] Views on Vengeance in The Count of Monte Cristo - In The Count of Monte Cristo, Dantès goes from a happy, successful sailor to a dark vengeance seeking man.
Though Dantès is advised many times not to seek out vengeance by his close friends like the Abbé, his emotions get the best of him and he attempts to carry out his wicked plan. Throughout the whole Bible, God instructs us to not repay evil with evil, and to leave revenge to him. Furthermore, in this story itself, Dumas drops hints about his perspective on the matter as well. Lastly, my view on vengeance is that it is for God to avenge and not man.
... [tags: sailor, god, wicked plan] 1222 words(3.5 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexander Dumas - The novel, The Count of Monte Cristo, written by Alexander Dumas, is a story with a plot that is full of madness and vengeance. This story taking place during the Napoleonic Era shows us how a very naive character, Edmond Dantes, is betrayed by his “friends”. He is put in jail where he is to live the rest of his life.
This unjust act stimulates anger in Dantes which arouses a feeling for vengeance in him. When he escapes from prison he plans his revenge and takes action until he has completed what he started and wished for.... [tags: act of man or providence? ] 528 words(1.5 pages) Good Essays [preview] Shakespeare’s Influence on "The Count of Monte Cristo" - Alexandre Dumas had many influences. One of Dumas’ most notable books, The Count of Monte Cristo , for instance had many influences.
One of Dumas greatest influences in his writing is Shakespeare. Dumas had been a fan of Shakespearean writing, and it shows in his style and ideas. Being influential, Dumas used some of Shakespeare’s ideas in his own stories. The most obvious influential idea Dumas used, was the use of a sleeping potion. The idea of two lovers being reunited through the use of a sleeping potion closely resembled the theme used in Romeo and Juliet .
... [tags: Literary Themes]:: 5 Works Cited 527 words(1.5 pages) Good Essays [preview] The Count Of Monte Cristo: Revenge - The Count of Monte Cristo: Revenge The Story of Edmond Dantès, the Sailor, who Becomes the Rich & Powerful Count of Monte Cristo and Takes Revenge on all his Enemies. Chesky Hoffman June 17, 1996 Dr. Goodale In this essay I will show how Edmond Dantes punishes his four enemies with relation to their specific ambitions.
Edmond is sent to jail due to his enemies' jealousy. After he escapes he becomes rich and powerful and gets back at them. Before I relate to you how Dantes gets back at his enemies I would like to familiarize you with the story.... [tags: essays research papers] 1179 words(3.4 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Influence of Shakespeare on Dumas' "The Count of Monte Cristo" - Alexandre Dumas was very familiar with the works of William Shakespeare and was greatly influenced by the ideas in Shakespeare’s dramatic writings and poetry.
Although Dumas did not often allude to Shakespeare’s literature, he took many of Shakespeare’s concepts and used them in his own works of literature. In The Count of Monte Cristo, death by poison, vengeance, and forbidden love are all plots that Dumas borrowed from Shakespeare. “The Count of Monte Cristo creates an intricate world framed with historical events but filled with creative genius.
” “Alexandre Dumas practically rewrites Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet” throughout the novel of The Count of Monte Cristo.... [tags: Authors]:: 6 Works Cited 545 words(1.6 pages) Good Essays [preview] The Count Of Monte Cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo 	The Count of Monte Cristo, written by Alexandre Dumas, tells the story of a man, Edmond Dantes, a sailor who goes through being betrayed by his enemies and thrown in to a dark prison cell to planning revenge on his enemies.
His behavior and personality changes after spending 14 years in jail for a crime that he didn’t commit. Edmond Dantes was thrown in jail ,after being framed by his enemies, accused of committing treason and being a bonapartist.... [tags: essays research papers] 1019 words(2.9 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count Of Monte Cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo By: Alexandre Dumas Type of Literary Work: Historical Novel This book is an example of a historical Novel.
It is historically accurate, and consists of characters that could have existed in the nineteenth century. Theme:Judgment Day comes to us all inevitably. We all pay for all evil and injustices of our life, yet sometimes there will be someone so viciously wronged, that he will return like a wrath of nature, with and unquenchable thirst for vengeance. Such a vendetta is the building block for the theme of this novel.
... [tags: essays research papers] 1915 words(5.5 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] A Summary and Analysis of the Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas - Book Title: The Count of Monte Cristo Author Name(s): Alexandre Dumas Publisher/City & Date of Publication, Number of pages: Barnes & Noble Books, New York, NY, 2004; 591 Pages Literary Genre: Historical Fiction (10 points) Author Biography: Alexandre Dumas was born on July 24, 1802, in Villers-Cotterêts, France.
Dumas was a playwright and a novelist whose books have been translated into over 100 different languages. He is the one of the most widely read French authors ever. One of his acquaintances once said, “He is the most generous, large-hearted being in the world.... [tags: ship, treason, irony]:: 1 Works Cited 1899 words(5.4 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] The Count Of Monte Cristo - The novel begins in 1815, when Dantès is a happy young man, about to become captain of Morrel’s ship The Pharaon and he is engaged to his fiancée, Mercedes.
However, Dantès is unaware that his shipmate, Danglars, is jealous of his success and promotion as captain, and that Mercedes’ cousin Fernand is jealous of Mercedes’ love for Dantès. Both Danglars and Fernand contrive a plan to frame Dantès as one of Napoleon’s agents, a particularly damning charge as the King at this point is fighting to retain power in the face of Napoleon’s large and loyal following.
... [tags: Alexandre Dumas] 929 words(2.7 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo Journal In the beginning of the book The Count of Monte Cristo we meet Edmond Dantès; he comes across as a model of honesty, ability, and innocence. “He was a fine tall, slim young fellow, with black eyes, and hair as dark as a ravens wing; and his whole appearance bespoke that calmness and resolution peculiar to men accustomed from their cradle to contend with danger (pg 4).
” Regardless of his youth, he is a useful leader to his sailors. He was also very devoted to his father and fiancée.... [tags: essays research papers] 10970 words(31.3 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Use of Dishonesty in The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas - In this book, The Count of Monte Cristo, many readers find the use of honesty in the novel to be problematic. The Count of Monte Cristo or in other words Dantes, is dishonest by lying to everyone about who he is.
Because he was in prison for such a long time, his looks changed and when he got out no one knew who he was. As everyone is thinking that Dantes is dead from prison, he really escaped and changed his name to The Count of Monte Cristo. Changing his name was a way to disguise him from being Dantes.... [tags: prison, revenge, disloyal] 582 words(1.7 pages) Good Essays [preview] Edmond Dantes Reborn As The Count Of Monte Cristo - Edmond Dantes: Reborn as the Count of Monte Cristo Everyday people seem change themselves in one way or another, but sometimes people change their appearance and personality to the point where those who were close to them, can not even recognize them in a crowd.
The Count of Monte Cristo, by Alexandre Dumas, is a story of a sailor, Edmond Dantes, who was betrayed during his prime time of his life by the jealousy of his friends. Dantes is sent to prison where he spends countless years planning an escape with the help of a fellow prisoner.... [tags: Literature] 1120 words(3.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Psychoanalysis of The Count of Monte Christo - The novel, The Count of Monte Christo, provides much insight into the psychological makeup of not only the characters within the novel, but also of its author Alexandre Dumas.
Indeed, in light of how The Count of Monte Christo addresses the interplay between justice, revenge, jealousy, greed, power and transformation, it reflects many of events in Dumas’ life and that of his father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, who was the biracial progeny of a French aristocrat and a Haitian slave of African descent.... [tags: Alexandre Dumas, literary analysis]:: 5 Works Cited 1733 words(5 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] the count of mountie cristo - The Count of Monte Cristo I want to begin by introducing you to this great book written by Alexandre Dumas.
This novel was published by the Penguin Group in 2001. It was a story full of love, adventure and betrayal. It began as a sweet romance . Then a third party began to reveal his perverse intentions to feed off of the innocent . It was a envy , jealous, and deceit. After the sad and unfortunate body of this suspenseful thriller there was a twist in the story. A great success for our Edmond and his only true love .
... [tags: essays research papers] 608 words(1.7 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Monte Christo - The Count of Monte Christo I want to introduce you to, “The Count of Monte Christo,” by Alexandre Dumas. It is a story that starts as a love story that turns to betrayal and revenge. The Count of Monte Christo is set in France about 1804 in a large city. There was confusion to who led France, King Louis or Napoleon.
France was divided by the two ruling parties. The main character is Edmond Dantes. He did many things in this story. He was a sailor, a lover, a friend, a captain, and a prisoner.... [tags: essays research papers] 702 words(2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Count of Montecristo by Alexandre Dumas - People have weaknesses and sins that can take complete control of their minds, or make them break down as a person.
These things are meant to be kept a secret, but once someone finds out about them, they have the power to take advantage and eventually put you down. In the novel, The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, a man by the name of Edmond Dantés, otherwise known as the Count of Monte Cristo, has suffered to the extent in prison because he had been sent there by the jealousy of others.... [tags: story and character analysis] 910 words(2.
6 pages) Better Essays [preview] The Count of Montecristo by Alexander Dumas - ... Not wanting to jeopardize his own career Villerfort sends Edmond to jail for treason. While in jail Edmond begins to think about suicide and falls into a depression. Edmond then begins planning his way to get revenge on the men who wronged him beginning with his plot to escape jail. Edmond Dante begins as a happy man with a soon to be wife as well as a job as a ship captain, Edmond then gets sent to jail and falls into despair as well as thoughts of suicide, once Edmond escapes the prison he begins to take action on those who wronged him becoming more and more angry until his revenge filled spree is ended.
... [tags: book and story analysis] 642 words(1.8 pages) Better Essays [preview] The Influence of Shakespeare on Dumas - The Influence of Shakespeare on Dumas Alexandre Dumas was the writer of many famous books such as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers. Dumas was influenced by many different authors and play writers, but one significant influence on Dumas’ writing was the work of William Shakespeare.
Dumas used Shakespeare’s ideas of poison and romance in his novel The Count of Monte Cristo. Experts say that one pivotal element that Dumas used in The Count of Monte Cristo that is also used in the plot of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is the notion of pseudo-poison in the tale of two lovers .... [tags: Literary Analysis ]:: 5 Works Cited 504 words(1.4 pages) Good Essays [preview] Shakespeare’s Influence on Alexandre Dumas - In many stories over the years reoccurring themes such as forbidden love, poisoning, and a transformation in the main character have been used.
The story of The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas has some famous influences and similarities such as Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth by William Shakespeare. The themes of forbidden love, poisoning, and transformation in the main character are timeless portrayals in current novels and dramas. The themes are as significant as they were in yesteryear as well as the present.... [tags: Authors]:: 2 Works Cited 447 words(1.
3 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Shakespeare’s influence on Alexandre Dumas - Shakespeare’s influence on Alexandre Dumas Did Dumas rationally rewrite some of the ideas from Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Or was it just a coincidence of them being so much alike. Some of the similarities included poisoning of people, appearing to be dead, and revenge on others; they both used elements of allusions, figurative language, point of view and tone to convey the theme of revenge in their writing which concluded to be one of the best of their time and also today.
However, Dumas’ just might’ve been inspired by Shakespeare’s plays that he wanted to make his own version of it.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]:: 2 Works Cited 526 words(1.5 pages) Good Essays [preview] The Theme of Chivalry in Today's Literature and Movies - The basics of chivalry, which are bravery and loyalty, are present in literature and movies of today. Loyalty is present in the book The Count of Monte Cristo while bravery is present in the movie National Treasure.
The Count of Monte Cristo is about a man who is wrongfully imprisoned but remains loyal to his family in his course of vengeance. National Treasure is about another man who acts bravely in his search for treasure. Chivalry was the code of conduct for knights in medieval Europe. Chivalry came from the French word “chevalier” meaning, “knight.” This code of conduct for knights originated from feudalism, the social-political system that governed medieval Europe.
... [tags: Literary Analysis ]:: 5 Works Cited 1287 words(3.7 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Two Paths of Revenge - In 'V for Vendetta' directed by the Wachowski brothers, and 'The Count of Monte Cristo' directed by Kevin Reynolds, there are two characters known as V and Edmund Dantes. These two characters are similar in that they are seeking revenge, but ultimately they are different. When looking into their paths of revenge, differences between the two are revealed.
The first difference is why the two want their enemies to suffer. The second difference is the influences of the people close to them that affect the outcome of the paths of revenge.... [tags: Character Analysis ] 964 words(2.8 pages) Better Essays [preview] To Count or Not to Count - To count or not to count. Summary The main purpose of the census is to provide data for reapportionment, the redistribution of the 435 seats of Congress among the 50 states, every ten years.
Due to the Apportionment Act of 1929, there is a permanent method of distributing the constant 435 seats in the House of Representatives based on population. To be fair, each state receives one seat, but the remaining 385 is based on the census. The census, however, is not an accurate compilation of data as this counts both Americans overseas and non-citizens.... [tags: Census] 1125 words(3.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Influencing Alexandre Dumas - Influencing Alexandre Dumas The works of Shakespeare have a great influence on other cultured works around the world.
Other writers have written their own variations on Shakespeare’s themes of his plays, and adapted his style into their storylines. One of these writers consist of Alexandre Dumas, having written the famous classics The Count of Monte Cristo , The Three Musketeers, and The Man in the Iron Mask to name a few. He was fascinated by the plays of Shakespeare which displayed a plethora of adventure, love, mystery and human behaviors in his characters.
... [tags: Literary Analysis]:: 5 Works Cited 689 words(2 pages) Better Essays [preview] The Importance of Gaining Knowledge - ... While at times his social status caused him pain, he was determined to increase his knowledge and strive for freedom. Similarly, the Count of Monte Cristo was in a lower social class and unjustly imprisoned. But, while in prison, he was able to increase his range of knowledge.
He considered the knowledge he was gaining as a treasure even more valuable than monetary possessions. He says, “My real treasure is…the rays of intelligence you [the Abbé] have elicited from my brain” (Dumas 221). In both cases, Douglass and the Count of Monte Cristo compared knowledge to something as necessary as bread, or valuable as treasure.... [tags: class, systems, power, learning, freedom]:: 2 Works Cited 834 words(2.
4 pages) Better Essays [preview] Controversy Surrounding Alienated Characters in Literary Works - Authors often times include a character(s) in their novel who they have alienated from the society that they have created for their narrative. These characters could be anyone from the foil character(s) to the protagonist him/herself. Authors incorporate these characters as they give substance and genuineness to their work.
In the novel, The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini and The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, such characters are presented in similar but different ways. These differences are crucial however, because they are what make each novel unique.... [tags: Literary Analysis]:: 5 Works Cited 1599 words(4.6 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Money Matters - "All we have to do is kill him, take the diamond and money, then leave.
" Gaspard Caderousse looks at his wife with a gleam in his eye. The rogue thinks about what would happen if he lets his wife do the arduous task of killing the jeweler. He already had seen the jeweler's two pistols. She would rush in to the jeweler's room and stab the jeweler; the jeweler would shoot and kill her. All Caderousse would have to do is go upstairs, make sure the jeweler is dead, get the diamond, come downstairs, collect the banknotes and leave with the diamond and money.
... [tags: essays research papers] 1456 words(4.2 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] The Belo Monte Dam Complex - ... There has been an influx of 20,000 migrant workers to the areas of construction and has led to a spike in criminal activity and conflict between workers and locals. Locals are seeing an increase of mental illness and STDs in their communities due to construction and the spread of prostitution to the area (“Brazil’s).
According to the Xingu Forever Alive Movement, a collection of environmentalists and human rights activists in Brazil, all 24 ethnic groups living on (their own) tribal lands in the Xingu river basin would be directly or indirectly affected by the Belo Monte Complex.... [tags: hydroelectric energy sources]:: 11 Works Cited 1174 words(3.4 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Belo Monte Dam Conflict - In Brazil, the construction of the Belo Monte Dam is in conflict with the indigenous tribes that have been protesting against the project for years.
The government replies with, “the dam is crucial to meeting growing energy needs” (BBC News, 2011), and on their part, this is true. This 11,000-megawatt hydroelectric “dam would be the third biggest in the world” (Velasco 2011). In order to avoid an inevitable energy crisis, the means of capturing energy must move forward while thinking about what we must do before it is done; the Belo Monte Dam will put the environment in harm’s way as argued by the people in this region, so we should sought after possible benefits for the loser in the final d.
.. [tags: Energy ]:: 5 Works Cited 1161 words(3.3 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Coin Harvey, Prophet of Monte Ne - William Hope Harvey was born the fifth of six children on August 16, 1851 to Colonel Robert Trigg Harvey and Anna Limbroux. Called Billy in his youth, Harvey went to school in a log house during the civil war, taught a term at sixteen, and graduated law school at nineteen. The book, “Coin Harvey, Prophet of Monte Ne” by Lois Snelling, was commissioned by the Benton County Historical Society to chronicle Harvey’s life from his birth on a farm in Buffalo, Virginia to the impact he would have on the Northwest Arkansas area well after his death on February 11, 1936 in Monte Ne, Arkansas.
... [tags: William Hope Harvey]:: 2 Works Cited 1132 words(3.2 pages) Strong Essays [preview] The Real Count Dracula - The Real Count Dracula It all started with Count Dracula, a blood sucking, immortal monster. Dracula could turn into a bat by night, and if he was touched by even the smallest ray of light during the day, he would burn into a smoking pile of ash. Dracula had fangs that he used to break the skin on the necks of people he drank the blood from.
Dracula could live as long as he wanted to, if he could survive that long. Dracula lived in Transylvania. Many people have heard different stories of Count Dracula, and not all are the same.... [tags: power, vamipire, enemy]:: 1 Works Cited 593 words(1.7 pages) Good Essays [preview] The Diving Bell and the Butterfly - The Butterfly Diving Bell sits on my bedside table . It was a busy day when I finished and I'm struggling with how to express my appreciation for the best of the author , Jean - Dominique Bauby .
As a beautiful French dessert , each crafted wonderful phrases should be savored. Posted by Bauby bears a sense of humor combined with depression that required for reading and slow digestion . He must have been a Morrissey fan . For those who are not familiar with Mr. Bauby , he was a former general editor of Elle magazine Parisian version .... [tags: The Diving Bell and the Butterfly]:: 2 Works Cited 995 words(2.
8 pages) Strong Essays [preview] At the Sands with Count Basie and Frank Sinatra - At the Sands with Count Basie and Frank Sinatra The year was 1966 Frank Sinatra was at the peak of his career. There he stood on the stage in the Copa Room at the Sands Hotel and Casino in front of Count Basie and his Orchestra recording what is considered the best album of his career. The album “Sinatra at the Sands” would be his first album recorded live to be released and the album would achieve gold in sales.
Sinatra was in his environment, a cozy salon style venue with an enthusiastic crowd in Las Vegas.... [tags: career, singer, orchestra] 1427 words(4.1 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Count Zinzendorf and His Christian Community - INTRODUCTION Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf was a pious nobleman who served in the court for the king of Saxony. Being a generous man, he allowed a small group of Moravian refugees to establish a village on his estate.
This village was named Herrnhut, and under Zinzendorf’s leadership became a unique Christian community. Zinzendorf was one of the most influential leaders of the modern Protestant missionary movement. In addition, he was responsible for the rebirth of the Moravian Church, authored many hymns, and pioneered ecumenical evangelism.... [tags: missionary, leader, hymns, missions] 806 words(2.3 pages) Better Essays [preview] History Of Monte Carlo Method - It could be argued that current physics research could be divided into three areas - theoretical, experimental and computational.
Numerical approach, in which systems are mimicked as accurately as possible using a computer or in which computer models are set up to provide well - behaved experimental systems are increasingly providing a bridge between theory and experiment, for instance; the Monte Carlo method (MC) and the molecular-dynamics method (MD). In Monte Carlo method the exact dynamical behavior of a system is replaced by a stochastic process, whereas the MD methods are based on a simpler principle and consists of solving a system of Newton's equations for an N-body system.
... [tags: essays research papers] 365 words(1 pages) Strong Essays [preview] A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man - James Joyce in his novel “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” says “The object of the artist is the creation of the beautiful.” (134) For Stephen Dedalus after the reoccuring stream of consciousness throughout his youth, one of the factors of his creation into the artist is women.
Indeed it is the women throughout the novel that shape Stephen into the man he finds himself becoming toward the end. Six women in particular that form specific functions in Stephens life are: Stephen’s mother, Eileen, Mercedes, the Virgin Mary, the prostitute, the birdlike woman by the water.... [tags: Literary Analysis, James Joyce] 1326 words(3.8 pages) Good Essays [preview] Analysis of Diving Bell and the Butterfly - The Diving Bell and the Butterfly is a script which falls somewhere in the middle of the Classical Design Triangle.
It presents moments of causality in a non-linear temporal arrangement. The single protagonist, Jean-Dominique Bauby, is passive due to his affliction yet struggling with both his inner conflict to resolve his life’s choices and the external conflict to regain some semblance of a normal existence. Plot points for this script were not as clearly defined as they are in a script which fully utilizes the Classical Hollywood narrative structure.
... [tags: script, classical, acts] 911 words(2.6 pages) Better Essays [preview] Stephen's Sexual Desire and Religious Morality - Throughout his life, Stephen is consumed by conflicting desires, the strongest of which being his sexual desire towards women versus religious morality. Confused and ashamed by these “sinful” thoughts, Stephen comes to view women in one of two extremes: they are either pure, virginal, and decent, like Emma, or impure, sexual, and corrupt, such as the prostitutes he visits in Belvedere.
However, it is Stephen’s individual experiences with women from both ends of this spectrum that become the motivating factor behind both his art and personal growth as an artist.... [tags: sexuality, religion, morality, James Joyce,] 1499 words(4.3 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Victorian Values on Sex and Sexuality - James Joyce sets A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in the Victoria Age.
The Double Standard of Morality by Josephine Butler and Victorian Theories of Sex and Sexuality by Elizabeth Lee give us insight into ideas people had about sex and sexuality during the Victorian era. We see that sex was considered an unavoidable part of life. Sex was “man [and] woman's ultimate goal” (Lee). Victorians believed that “the essence of right and wrong [was.…] dependent on sex” (Lee).
Meaning that how you were publicly known or not known for your sexual actions was how you were viewed as either good or bad.... [tags: Literature, Victorian Age, James Joyce]:: 2 Works Cited 1632 words(4.7 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Monte Verde - After long, often bitter debate, archeologists have finally come to a consensus that humans reached southern Chile 12,500 years ago. The date is more than 1,000 years before the previous benchmark for human habitation in the Americas, 11,200-year-old stone spear points first discovered in the 1930s near Clovis, N.
M. The Chilean site, known as Monte Verde, is on the sandy banks of a creek in wooded hills near the Pacific Ocean. Even former skeptics have joined in agreeing that its antiquity is now firmly established and that the bone and stone tools and other materials found there definitely mark the presence of a hunting-and-gathering people.... [tags: essays research papers] 2287 words(6.5 pages) Strong Essays [preview] You Never Thought You Had to Think to Count - .
.. Well, this is exactly what she said: “There was once a saying that counting was the hardest thing to do in math.” Then everyone then started to think. I image that is what you are doing right now. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14…. and so on, trying it out. You might think, what is this crazy sixth grader talking about?. That wasn’t hard at all. You are right. It is not hard.
The hard part is counting the things that come to you exactly as you discover them. Did I miss one. Did I count one twice.... [tags: math, shortcut, numbers] 760 words(2.2 pages) Better Essays [preview] Bram Stroker's Dracula: The Man Behind the Count - ... His nickname comes from his father, who was known by the name Dracul, meaning “Dragon”. Dracula literally means “Son of Dracul”, or “Son of the Dragon”.
His father held throne in Wallachia, a kingdom in Romania, until 1442, when Turkish forces invaded Transylvania. Tepes and his brother were sent to the Turkish Sultan as ‘official’ hostages a year later, for education in change for loyalty to the Sultan. During a war with Hungary in 1447, Vlad II Dracul (Dracula’s father) and Tepes’s eldest brother were killed by Hungarian assassins.... [tags: impaler, torture, monster]:: 3 Works Cited 789 words(2.
3 pages) Better Essays [preview] Similarities Between Vlad the Impaler and Count Dracula - Vlad the Impaler vs Count Dracula The being that is Vlad the Impaler and the story book character Count Dracula have similarities beyond coincidence. To begin to understand how Vlad the Impaler and Count Dracula are so much alike, it must first be understood that Count Dracula was based off of the historical being Vlad the Impaler.
It is possible to compare and contrast between these two legends by merely picking up a book on the subject or even just going to a website that has information on the two.... [tags: satan, god, holy water, crucifixes]:: 5 Works Cited 1743 words(5 pages) Powerful Essays [preview] Boxing: Down For The Count - Boxing: Down for the Count The tenth edition of Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines boxing as "the art of attack and defense with the fists practiced as a sport.
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It is also defined as a condition in which a person has fewer red blood cells than normal and feels very weak and tired. Anemia Causes: The causes of Anemia are all related to the Red Blood Cells (RBC). It is cause d mainly due to impaired RBC production or increased RBC destruction and is caused due to blood loss and fluid overload.... [tags: common human ailments]:: 6 Works Cited 622 words(1.
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At a remote camp in the middle of the desert, a Woman With No Name arrives to hire two men to lead her to the town of Kingsley, days after one of the camp members was shot dead and another ran away. On their descent into the scorching desert, it becomes apparent that the Woman has misled her employees as a hired gun joins their party and they continue their journey, it would seem, to execute somebody.
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Much of the Count's flaws that hinder communication happen because he tries to protect his honor by concealing the truth. Because of this cowardice and his self delusions of his own perfect moral character, Count F- communicates incorrectly to the Marquise and her family. The Count's perception of himself as a humble military man is challenged when he is asked to identify the Marquise's assailants.
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Thus relatively accurate estimates of the incidence of disease can be made. However, most of the burden of echinococcosis is in developing nations with 40% being in China alone (Budke et al., 2006).... [tags: monte-carlo, cystic echinococcosis] 1157 words(3.3 pages) Better Essays [preview] Count Alessandro Volta - Count Alessandro Volta (1742-1827) Count Alessandro Volta was born in 1745 at Como, Italy.
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A great many persons live constantly in the state of damnation!” Dante Alighieri, the author of Inferno, wrote his epic poem to explain his vision of Hell. Bram Stoker, the author of the novel Dracula, wrote a book about a vampire trying to take over London. Throughout Bram Stoker’s novel, there are characters that could be placed in every Circle of the Hell that Dante creates in his novel. The Count’s actions throughout the novel Dracula, would have placed him in the Second Circle of Hell in Dante’s Inferno, lust.
... [tags: inferno, the count, dracula]:: 3 Works Cited 2777 words(7.9 pages) Term Papers [preview] Stomata Count Experiment - Stomata Count Experiment Aim To peel the epidermis layer from underneath of the plant leaf and count the average distance between the stomata. Background Info Guard cells open and close to let stomata take in Carbon Dioxide that is required for plants to make glucose in photosynthesis, the Carbon Dioxide comes in through stomata, which consist of guard cells which contract and relax (become turgid and flaccid) depending on the amount of water that inside them making them turgid.
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Only to make her complexion even better. She was later referred to as Count Dracula, because of her horrible treatment to her victims. She was an only child. Her parents were very powerful people.... [tags: count dracula, victims, blood] 760 words(2.2 pages) Better Essays [preview] How to Write an Essay - The written word is a robust contrivance that has been used for thousands of years to endow knowledge and emotion upon its audiences.
Academic writing is one of the many different types of writing. Academic writing conveys different formalities of writing when compared to a basicity that is Personal writing. Academic writing needs a more organized, formal structure whilst using attire such as in-text citations and references to backup information presented within the script. Academic writing also deals with basal theories and causes ascendant processes and practices in ones everyday life, as well as exploring alternative substitutes for these events according too author Jagg Xaxx.
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Two of these perspectives are given by the participants while the third is provided by the old miller who observes their love making from a distance.... [tags: Dai Sijie] 1247 words(3.6 pages) Strong Essays [preview] Stephen Dedalus' Perception of Aesthetics in James Joyce’s novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man - Aesthetics is the philosophy of art. By appreciating the value of aesthetics, one can comprehend the meaning of the abstract notion of beauty.
In James Joyce’s novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Stephen Dedalus’ perception of aesthetics is a key component in the main character’s pursuit of individuality and purpose. Through the use of literary techniques such as diction and tone, Joyce conveys the protagonist’s aesthetic development. This artistic growth, paralleled throughout the novel’s external structure with Dedalus’ coming of age, illustrates the life, purpose and aesthetic ambition of an artist: “To discover the mode of life or of art whereby the spirit can express itself.
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