Contents of the author's Personal Wilderness First Aid Kit. Photo: Paul Kirtley. Why Assemble Your Own First Aid Kit? While there are some good outdoor first aid kits on the market, there is great value in putting together your own outdoor first aid kit. In the process of assembling your first aid kit, you will have to think carefully about what to include and how you might use the included items.
You should also consider how to pack your kit so you can access the items you need, in the order you might need them. By the time you have completed your outdoor first aid kit, you will know the kit intimately. You will know exactly what is in the kit and be able to find any of its contents quickly. A personal first aid kit is just that – personal. The choice of equipment to include in your kit is a personal one, based on your training, experience, where you are going and the specific risks you might face.
You can always use a good off-the-shelf camping or hiking first aid kit as a base on which to build. Bear in mind that the best part of many so-called outdoor first aid kits is the case or pouch containing the kit. The contents of many travel first-aid kits are limited in scope, containing not much more than some cheap plasters and bandages, making the kit as a whole overpriced. So, do read the contents list and spend your money wisely.
Typically, a good personal kit has items to deal with likely minor personal injuries (such as cuts, bites and blisters), as well as less likely but more serious injuries. The kit should also contain items you could not use on yourself (e.g. CPR mask) but are there to deal with very serious incidents involving other people. The best wilderness first aid kits are ones where the contents, your experience and the likely risks are in sync.
This is why assembling your own kit is the best option. Of course, having a well-equipped emergency first aid kit isn’t enough. You should also seek out high quality first aid training. There are some general skills that everyone should learn such as basic life support (even if you are travelling no further than the office) but you shouldn’t neglect to undertake a risk-assessment for where you are going and use this information to improve your preparation.
You should make sure you have training in skills appropriate for where you are heading. This way, in acquiring specific knowledge, skills and equipment, you will have provided yourself and your companions with the best chance of dealing with any incidents that might occur. In considering how well you could cope with a particular remote emergency scenario, you may even change your planned activities or route choice to help diminish the risk.
This whole process – of optimising your first aid training and assessing the risks you face – improves your wilderness survival skills and maximises your outdoor preparedness. The author's personal wilderness first aid kit being carried on a belt, in Africa. Photo: Amanda Quaine. Usually, in putting together a wilderness first aid kit of any size, whether it is for personal or group use, you will be forced to compromise: There is only so much equipment you can carry.
You can’t take a complete emergency room with you. I favour items that are suited to outdoor use and can endure the wear and tear that comes with wilderness travel. In particular, it is worth considering the robustness and waterproofing of the packaging of your first aid kit items. For example, the packaging of bandages is often flimsy plastic or paper. I try to find the highest quality kit contents.
Then the contents of the kit will not only stay in one piece until I need to use it but also the various contents will perform well once they are in use. Some contents can be re-packaged to make them more durable, waterproof or both. For items of your first aid kit that must remain dry, I recommend packing them in Aloksak waterproof storage bags. If you choose your kit contents wisely, for a given level of functionality you can pack fewer of a particular item in favour of making space for other items or saving weight.
This practice helps limit the compromise. I take a modular approach to my basic wilderness equipment. I have discussed this approach in other articles covering essential wilderness equipment and bushcraft survival kit. In the outdoors I always take at least a cuts kit with me – normally in my trouser pocket. In addition, I often carry a military dressing in an easily accessible place – jacket pocket or top pocket of daypack.
The next building block up as far as emergency first aid equipment is concerned is my personal wilderness first aid kit. This kit fits into a pouch that can be carried on a belt. It takes up little room if carried in a backpack and easily fits into the side pocket of my 35-litre daysac. The aim of my kit is to be able to do as much as possible with what I have, taking into consideration other gear I carry and what might be improvised.
So, my personal first aid kit is considered as part of a modular system. The building blocks of my bushcraft and survival equipment. From left to right: Compass; folding saw; bushcraft knife; bushcraft survival kit (top pouch); wilderness first aid kit (bottom pouch); waterbottle and metal mug in pouch. Photo: Paul Kirtley. I’m not recommending that everyone needs or should assemble the same personal wilderness first aid kit I have.
Some of the items require specific training in their use before you can apply them. I’m highlighting what is in my kit because I’m often asked and therefore I know people are interested. I’m always fascinated by what others have in their first aid kits too. There’s often a little tip or trick you hadn’t previously thought of. I hope this article will give you the basis to think about what’s already in your personal first aid kit as well as what else you might like to include.
More important, I hope reading this might motivate some people to think about areas of first aid in which they might like to have more training. My view is that you can never have too much first aid training, particularly if you are headed for wild and remote areas. Personal First Aid Kit Contents For some of the items below I give some rationale for why I carry them. Please don’t take this rationale as a complete explanation of how each item should be used or assume, because you’ve read and understood my rationale, that it is then OK to use these items without appropriate training.
Also, I haven’t included every single use to which these items could be applied. Contents of the author's Personal Wilderness First Aid Kit. See below for numbered list. Photo: Paul Kirtley. 1. Gloves: Powder-free nitrile (not latex as some people are allergic) gloves. I fold them in pairs and store them in a plastic bag for protection from getting snagged in the zip of my kit. I pack this at the top of my kit as I’ll need gloves first if I’m tending to someone else.
2. Drugs and medication: I pack the blister packs in an Aloksak waterproof storage bag to keep them together and protected. I also include a sheet of waterproof paper on which I have written dosages, side-effects and contra-indications. The baseline for my kit is the inclusion of an analgesic, an anti-inflammatory, an antihistamine, Imodium (Loperamide), and Diarolyte. Warning: You should always make sure that you are not allergic or prone to any other adverse reaction to any medicines you choose to include in your first aid kit.
If in doubt, speak to a pharmacist or your doctor. Also, unless you are permitted by the remit of your training and relevant laws to administer or offer the medication in question, any medicines you include in your first aid kit should be for your personal use only and not given to anyone else. 3. Antiseptic wipes: I find having a few of these in my kit handy for cleaning up, wiping blood off cutting tools, camping equipment etc.
For antiseptic use on cuts and grazes, I use Betadine – see #13. 4. Minor Wound and Blister kit: This is similar to my stand-alone cuts kit so I’m effectively doubling up on many of the items I use most when in the outdoors. Again this is packed in an Aloksak waterproof storage bag. Below is an expanded view of the kit: Expanded view of the items for dealing with cuts, burns and blisters. This is all packed into an Aloksak.
The Temp-dots are also here for safe-keeping. Photo: Paul Kirtley. From top left to bottom right, this sub-kit consists of the following: – Sterile gauze swabs: These have various uses and I find them particularly good for padding or protecting more serious cuts on my hands. – Steri-strips: Steri-strips are wound closure strips for lacerations, etc. I find these very useful for more serious cuts but care is needed not to seal-in dirt, etc.
and cause infection. I recommend getting proper training in how to use them (including wound irrigation, etc). – Suture kit: I was trained to suture by a doctor and I include sutures in my kit for the rare occasion, far from help, where suturing may make sense. The vast majority of wounds can be dealt with in other ways. – Melolin wound dressing pads: These pads are cushioned, non-stick and absorbent, and I find them useful for minor burns and grazes, particularly ones that ooze a bit.
I don’t use them very often so include only a few. – Plasters: Nexcare plasters by 3M are the best I’ve used. They are made of quality materials, hypoallergenic and have a healthcare-industry grade adhesive. They stay on for longer (particularly when used in combination with Friar’s Balsam – see 14), and I achieve better protection of cuts, grazes and minor burns than with cheap plasters.
I also use far fewer of them than cheap plasters. This frees up space in my first aid kit. – Compeed: I find these padded gel plasters extremely good for dealing with hot-spots and blisters. Applied properly, they stay on for days even when hiking hard. Therefore, I carry only a few of assorted sizes in my kit. – Moleskin plaster: I find these good for hot spots and areas that need protection from rubbing but where the padding of a Compeed plaster is either unnecessary or impractical.
These are from a Spenco blister kit. – Tempa-Dot thermometers: Tempa-Dots are single-use thermometers have nothing much to do with cuts or blisters but I keep them here as they fit well and stay protected. 5. Crepe bandage: A Crepe bandage has various uses, including strapping for strains and sprains. I keep mine in a small Aloksak to keep it dry but it’s not essential. 6. Military dressing: A 10x19cm first field dressing for serious wounds and bleeding.
These military dressings are very absorbent and much better than cheap pharmacy-bought dressings. The packaging has an internal plastic coating and is waterproof; this not only keeps the dressing dry but the packaging can be employed to create a non-stick covering for a burn or used to create a valve for a sucking chest wound. These military dressings are being replaced by the Israeli trauma dressings and so will mine eventually.
7. Nasopharyngeal airway: A nasopharyngeal airway can be employed in some circumstances to help maintain an airway. I take the view that while it would be great to have a full range sizes of NP and OP airways, I don’t have space in this kit and one NP airway is better than nothing. It can also be used for other things. If you haven’t been trained to use one of these, then it shouldn’t be in your kit.
8. Syringe: This is for wound irrigation. While a volume of 20cc would be more efficient, I carry a 10cc syringe as it saves space. For irrigating my own wounds I use water from my own drinking water bottle. For other people I use their drinking water. 9. Blunt needle: For use with the syringe (see #8). While you can use the syringe on its own and generate a good amount of pressure, the narrower gauge of the needle generates greater pressure for wound irrigation.
I carry a blunt mixing needle as it is not sharp and therefore poses little threat when stored or in use. 10. CPR Mask: While not as good as a pocket mask (which won’t fit in a kit this small), this is a robust mask. The strong packaging can be employed for other jobs too. 11. Small bandage: I find these cheap, small bandages useful for cutting to size to dress a cut or burn, particularly on fingers.
I typically use this material over a piece of gauze or a steri-strip. 12. Transpore Tape: Like the Nexcare plasters, Transpore tape is made by 3M. It is durable yet easy to tear when you are applying it. Much better for outdoor use than micropore tape and it doesn’t soak up water like zinc oxide tape does. 13. Betadine: Betadine is an antiseptic liquid which contains povidone-iodine. It acts against a broad spectrum of pathogenic organisms that might cause skin infections and is ideal for applying to cuts and abrasions in the outdoors.
I carry a 15ml bottle. While in Queensland, Australia I found it was useful for removing leeches as well as disinfecting the bite afterwards! Unfortunately due to the European Biocides Directive 98/8/EC, this type of iodine product has been unavailable for sale within the EU since October 2009. Iodine is still available outside of the EU. 14. Friar’s Balsam: Also known as compound tincture of benzoin or compound benzoin tincture, this is different to pure tincture of benzoin.
All can be used as a styptic and/or antiseptic (it stings like hell so better to use the Betadine for antiseptic purposes). The main additional benefit of Friar’s Balsam is its stickiness; it can be applied around a wound before applying a plaster or tape and it will help either adhere for much longer. I have decanted a small amount of Friar’s Balsam into a very small dropper bottle which can be used to paint the liquid onto the skin with reasonable precision.
15. Temporary tooth filling: This is a temporary cavity filling material for emergency use only. 16. Superglue: This is for personal use only. Standard superglue is different to medical superglue. Don’t mess around with it unless you understand the differences. 17. Tweezers: Uncle Bill’s Sliver Grippers are tweezers with a sharp point. They are good for splinter and thorn removal. They also lend themselves well to tick removal.
18. Safety pins: These are not for making a really tidy sling but for helping remove splinters, thorns etc. I find it a good way to safely have a sharp point in my first aid kit without risking damage to any contents or myself. If the point isn’t sharp enough, it can be sharpened with a sharpening stone. 19. Whistle: Using a whistle is a lot less effort and more effective than shouting – either in calling for help or responding to someone who needs your assistance.
While I normally have a whistle around my neck, I find having everything I need in my first aid kit reassuring – in an emergency I can just grab my kit and go. The whistle I have here is a Fox 40 Micro, the same model as mentioned in this article. 20. Shears: Tough cut or EMT shears are highly effective at cutting through clothing, straps, webbing, rope, etc, and much safer to use than a knife. Mine are a small model made by Merlin Medical.
I attach small, otherwise loose items such as my tweezers (#17), safety pins (#18) and whistle (#19) to my shears via a quick-release clip. This way I can easily find the small items by grabbing the shears. This also helps me keep everything organised and prevents losing the small items. 21. Cigarette lighter: I often use a lighter to disinfect my tweezers or a pin before removing a thorn or splinter.
Also, if I need to light a fire, I have a lighter to hand, immediately. You don’t want to be bow-drilling if someone has immersion hypothermia… 22. Head-torch: I once had to provide first aid to someone who was seriously injured in a remote area of forest and it was already late afternoon. By the time the paramedics arrived (by helicopter), it was getting dark. None of them had a torch with them.
I had my usual head torch with me but ever since then I’ve always carried a dedicated emergency lamp in my first aid kit. The Petzl e+LITE Headlamp is perfect for the job. It is small, lightweight, has lithium batteries (which work better in cold conditions than alkaline batteries), a 10-year shelf-life and is waterproof (up to 1 metre under). It has various modes, including strobe which can be particularly useful in emergency situations.
All of the above items fit into a pouch measuring 15cm x 12cm x 7cm. Unfortunately the canvas pouch I have been using has started to disintegrate and I will probably trial something of a similar size from Maxpedition’s range as a replacement. Additional Equipment While I’ve organised everything in my kit to be easily accessible in the order I need, I generally have some other items I can also use.
I usually carry the following in a daysac or backpack and I consider it part of an extended first aid kit that can be used in conjunction with my personal wilderness first aid kit: A Malleable splint: Sam Splint or similar; this is a malleable foam-covered aluminium splint that can be formed into a multitude of shapes and used to help splint or immobilise part of a casualty’s body. Bandana: I carry at least one large bandana as they have several uses, one of which is to create a sling.
There is as much material in one of these bandanas as in two standard triangular bandages. Water bottle: I carry at least one litre of water in a water bottle. This water can be used for the irrigation of a wound (see #8 and #9 above), for example. The author's personal wilderness first aid kit packed in a pouch. Alongside are other items - large bandanna, water bottle, and malleable splint - useful for outdoor first aid.
Photo: Paul Kirtley. I hope you find this article useful or at least food for thought. Please do let me, and other readers, know about any first aid kit advice, tips or tricks that you’d like to share by leaving a comment in the comments section. Related Articles on Paul Kirtley’s Blog: Essential Wilderness Equipment – 7 Items I Never Leave Home Without. How to Build a Bushcraft Survival Kit.
STOP What you are Doing! PLAN Your Skills for Survival The Importance of Leaving Word Before Heading Into the Wild The following two tabs change content below. Paul Kirtley is an award-winning professional bushcraft instructor, qualified canoe leader and mountain leader. He is passionate about nature and wilderness travel. In addition to writing this blog Paul owns and runs Frontier Bushcraft, a wilderness bushcraft school, offering bushcraft courses and wilderness expeditions.
Latest posts by Paul Kirtley (see all)See Also: Appliance Parts Kansas City
An equipment is one of the greatest investments you might at any time make. Appliances are generally significant purchases, and they are one on the most important aspects of your home. You rely upon appliances for almost everything from cooking to cleansing, and particularly looking at the level of funds you may be placing forth for it, it only is sensible that you d want to you should definitely take advantage of smart obtain.
Household appliances is really a expression that is used extremely popularly now but exactly what does it stand for? Home appliances stand with the mechanical and electrical products that happen to be used at home for the working of a usual home.
For other uses, see First aid kit (disambiguation). Large and small first aid kits used by the British Red Cross for event first aid, in the internationally recognised ISO green with a white cross. These kits also feature the red cross which is a protected symbol under the Geneva Conventions and may only be used by the Red Cross or military A small first aid kit A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give medical treatment.
There is a wide variation in the contents of first aid kits based on the knowledge and experience of those putting it together, the differing first aid requirements of the area where it may be used and variations in legislation or regulation in a given area. The international standard for first aid kits is that they should be identified with the ISO graphical symbol for first aid (from ISO 7010) which is an equal white cross on a green background, although many kits do not comply with this standard, either because they are put together by an individual or they predate the standards.
Format First aid kits can be assembled in almost any type of container, and this will depend on whether they are commercially produced or assembled by an individual. Standard kits often come in durable plastic boxes, fabric pouches or in wall mounted cabinets. The type of container will vary depending on purpose, and they range in size from wallet sized through to large rucksacks. It is recommended that all kits are in a clean, waterproof container to keep the contents safe and aseptic.
 Kits should also be checked regularly and restocked if any items are damaged or are out of date. Appearance The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) sets a standard for first aid kits of being green, with a white cross, in order to make them easily recognizable to anyone requiring first aid. ISO First Aid Symbol Alternate version of the first aid symbol Symbol of the Red Cross Star of Life The ISO only endorse the use of the green background and white cross, and this has been adopted as standard across many countries and regions, including the entire EU.
First aid kits are sometimes marked (by an individual or organisation) with a red cross on white background, but use of this symbol by anyone but the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) or associated agency is illegal under the terms of the First Geneva Convention, which designates the red cross as a protected symbol in all countries signatory to it. One of the few exceptions is in North America, where despite the passing of the First Geneva convention in 1864, and its ratification in the United States in 1881, Johnson & Johnson has used the red cross as a mark on its products since 1887 and registered the symbol as a U.
S. trademark for medicinal and surgical plasters in 1905. Some first aid kits may also feature the Star of Life, normally associated with emergency medical services, but which are also used to indicate that the service using it can offer an appropriate point of care. Though not supported by the ISO, a white cross on red back ground is also widely recognised as a first aid symbol. However, for very small medical institutions and domestic purposes, the white cross on a plain green background is preferred.
Contents A Pocket mask in its case. Adhesive bandages are one of the most commonly used items in a first aid kit. Plastic Tweezers Disposable gloves are often found in modern first-aid kits. Commercially available first aid kits available via normal retail routes have traditionally been intended for treatment of minor injuries only. Typical contents include adhesive bandages, regular strength pain medication, gauze and low grade disinfectant.
Specialized first aid kits are available for various regions, vehicles or activities, which may focus on specific risks or concerns related to the activity. For example, first aid kits sold through marine supply stores for use in watercraft may contain seasickness remedies. Airway, Breathing and Circulation First aid treats the ABCs as the foundation of good treatment. For this reason, most modern commercial first aid kits (although not necessarily those assembled at home) will contain a suitable infection barrier for performing artificial respiration as part of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, examples include: Pocket mask Face shield Advanced first aid kits may also contain items such as: Oropharyngeal airway Nasopharyngeal airway Bag valve mask Manual aspirator or suction unit Sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) Stethoscope Some first aid kits, specifically those used by event first aiders and emergency services, include bottled oxygen for resuscitation and therepy.
Common Items The common kits mostly found in the homes may contain: Alcohol or non alcohol antiseptic wipes Bandaids Cotton Balls Cotton Swabs Iodine Bandages Hydrogen Peroxide Gauze Saline Dressings Eye wash Trauma injuries Trauma injuries, such as bleeding, bone fractures or burns, are usually the main focus of most first aid kits, with items such as bandages and dressings being found in the vast majority of all kits.
Adhesive bandages (band-aids, sticking plasters) - can include ones shaped for particular body parts, such as knuckles Moleskin— for blister treatment and prevention Dressings (sterile, applied directly to the wound) Sterile eye pads Sterile gauze pads Sterile non-adherent pads, containing a non-stick teflon layer Petrolatum gauze pads, used as an occlusive ( air-tight) dressing for sucking chest wounds, as well as a non-stick dressing Bandages (for securing dressings, not necessarily sterile) Gauze roller bandages - absorbent, breathable, and often elastic Elastic bandages - used for sprains, and pressure bandages Adhesive, elastic roller bandages (commonly called 'Vet wrap') - very effective pressure bandages and durable, waterproof bandaging Triangular bandages - used as slings, tourniquets, to tie splints, and many other uses Butterfly closure strips - used like stitches to close wounds, usually only included for higher level response as can seal in infection in uncleaned wounds.
Saline-used for cleaning wounds or washing out foreign bodies from eyes soap - used with water to clean superficial wounds once bleeding is stopped Antiseptic wipes or sprays for reducing the risk of infection in abrasions or around wounds. Dirty wounds must be cleaned for antiseptics to be effective. Burn dressing, which is usually a sterile pad soaked in a cooling gel Adhesive tape, hypoallergenic Hemostatic agents may be included in first aid kits, especially military or tactical kits, to promote clotting for severe bleeding.
Personal protective equipment A waterproof Pelican first aid kit. The use of personal protective equipment or PPE will vary by kit, depending on its use and anticipated risk of infection. The adjuncts to artificial respiration are covered above, but other common infection control PPE includes: Gloves which are single use and disposable to prevent cross infection Goggles or other eye protection Surgical mask or N95 mask to reduce possibility of airborne infection transmission (sometimes placed on patient instead of caregivers.
For this purpose the mask should not have an exhale valve) Apron Instruments and equipment Trauma shears for cutting clothing and general use Scissors are less useful but often included Tweezers, for removing splinters amongst others. Lighter for sanitizing tweezers or pliers etc. Alcohol pads for sanitizing equipment, or unbroken skin. This is sometimes used to debride wounds, however some training authorities advise against this as it may kill cells which bacteria can then feed on Irrigation syringe - with catheter tip for cleaning wounds with sterile water, saline solution, or a weak iodine solution.
The stream of liquid flushes out particles of dirt and debris. Torch (also known as a flashlight) Instant-acting chemical cold packs Alcohol rub (hand sanitizer) or antiseptic hand wipes Thermometer Space blanket (lightweight plastic foil blanket, also known as "emergency blanket") Penlight Cotton swab Cotton wool, for applying antiseptic lotions. Safety pins, for pinning bandages. Medication Medication can be a controversial addition to a first aid kit, especially if it is for use on members of the public.
It is, however, common for personal or family first aid kits to contain certain medications. Dependent on scope of practice, the main types of medicine are life saving medications, which may be commonly found in first aid kits used by paid or assigned first aiders for members of the public or employees, painkillers, which are often found in personal kits, but may also be found in public provision and lastly symptomatic relief medicines, which are generally only found in personal kits.
Life saving Aspirin primarily used for central medical chest pain as an anti-platelet Epinephrine autoinjector (brand name Epipen) - often included in kits for wilderness use and in places such as summer camps, to temporarily reduce airway swelling in the event of anaphylactic shock. Note that epinephrine does not treat the anaphylactic shock itself, it only opens the airway to prevent suffocation and allow time for other treatments to be used or help to arrive.
The effects of epinephrine (adrenaline) are short-lived, and swelling of the throat may return, requiring the use of additional epipens until other drugs can take effect, or more advanced airway methods (such as intubation) can be established. Diphenhydramine (brand name Benadryl) - Used to treat or prevent anaphylactic shock. Best administered as soon as symptoms appear when impending anaphylactic shock is suspected- Once the airway is restricted, oral drugs can no longer be administered until the airway is clear again, such as after the administration of an epipen.
A common recommendation for adults is to take two 25mg pills. Non-solid forms of the drug, such as liquid or dissolving strips, may be absorbed more rapidly than tablets or capsules, and therefore more effective in an emergency. Pain killers Paracetamol (also known as Acetaminophen) is one of the most common pain killing medication, as either tablet or syrup Anti-inflammatory painkillers such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen or other NSAIDs can be used as part of treating sprains and strains Codeine which is both a painkiller and anti-diarrheal Symptomatic relief Anti diarrhoea medication such as Loperamide - especially important in remote or third world locations where dehydration caused by diarrhea is a leading killer of children Oral rehydration salts Antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine Poison treatments Absorption, such as activated charcoal Emetics to induce vomiting, such as syrup of ipecac although first aid manuals now advise against inducing vomiting.
Smelling Salts (ammonium carbonate) Topical medications Antiseptics / Disinfectants Antiseptic fluid, moist wipe or spray- For cleaning and disinfecting a wound. Typically benzalkonium chloride, which disinfects wounds with minimal stinging or harm to exposed tissue. Can also be used as an antibacterial hand wipe for the person providing aid. Povidone iodine is an antiseptic in the form of liquid, swabstick, or towelette.
Can be used in a weak dilution of clean water to prepare an irrigation solution for cleaning a wound. Hydrogen peroxide is often included in home first aid kits, but is a poor choice for disinfecting wounds- it kills cells and delays healing Alcohol pads- sometimes included for disinfecting instruments or unbroken skin (for example prior to draining a blister), or cleaning skin prior to applying an adhesive bandage.
Alcohol should not be used on an open wound, as it kills skin cells and delays healing. Medicated antiseptic ointments- for preventing infection in a minor wound, after it is cleaned. Not typically used on wounds that are bleeding heavily. Ointments typically contain one, two, or all three of the following antibacterial ingredients(those containing all 3 are typically called 'triple-antibiotic ointment') Neomycin, Polymyxin B Sulphate or Bacitracin Zinc.
Burn gel - a water-based gel that acts as a cooling agent and often includes a mild anaesthetic such as lidocaine and, sometimes, an antiseptic such as tea tree oil Anti-itch ointment Hydrocortisone cream antihistamine cream containing diphenhydramine Calamine lotion, for skin inflammations. Anti-fungal cream Tincture of benzoin - often in the form of an individually sealed swabstick or ampule, protects the skin and aids the adhesion of adhesive bandages, such as moleskin, bandaids, or wound closure ('butterfly') strips.
Benzoin swabsticks are very prone to leaking and making a mess when kept in portable first aid kits, ampules are a more durable option. If swabsticks are used, it is advisable to keep them in a sealed zip lock bag. Improvised uses Besides its regular use in first aid, many alternate uses can be an important consideration when picking items for a kit that may be used in wilderness or survival situations.
An alternative could however also be the use of additional kits with tools such as Survival kits and Mini survival kits. Workplace first aid kit In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all job sites and workplaces to make available first aid equipment for use by injured employees . While providing regulations for some industries such as logging  in general the regulation lack specifics on the contents of the first aid kit.
This is understandable, as the regulation covers every means of employment, and different jobs have different types of injuries and different first-aid requirements. However, in a non-mandatory section,  the OSHA regulations do refer to ANSI/ISEA Specification Z308.1  as the basis for the suggested minimum contents of a first aid kit. Another source for modern first aid kit information is United States Forest Service Specification 6170-6 , which specifies the contents of several different-sized kits, intended to serve groups of differing size.
In general, the type of first aid facilities required in a workplace are determined by many factors, such as: the laws and regulation of the state or territory in which it is located; the type of industry concerned; for example, industries such as mining may have specific industry regulations detailing specialised instructions; the type of hazards present in the workplace; the number of employees in the workplace; the number of different locations that the workplace is spread over; the proximity to local services (doctors, hospital, ambulance).
Historic first aid kits Travel pharmacy (early 20th century). As the understanding of first aid and lifesaving measures has advanced, and the nature of public health risks has changed, the contents of first aid kits have changed to reflect prevailing understandings and conditions. For example, earlier US Federal specifications  for first aid kits included incision/suction-type snakebite kits and mercurochrome antiseptic.
There are many historic components no longer used today, of course; some notable examples follow. As explained in the article on snakebite, the historic snakebite kit is no longer recommended. Mercurochrome was removed in 1998 by the US FDA from the generally recognized as safe category due to concerns over its mercury content. Another common item in early 20th century first aid kits, picric acid gauze for treating burns, is today considered a hazardous material due to its forming unstable and potentially explosive picrates when in contact with metal.
Examples of modern additions include the CPR face shields and specific body-fluid barriers included in modern kits, to assist in CPR and to help prevent the spread of bloodborne pathogens such as HIV. See also First aid Bug-out bag Medical bag Injury References ^ a b First Aid Manual 8th Edition. St John Ambulance, St Andrews First Aid, British Red Cross. 2002. ISBN 0-7513-3704-8. ^ "USPTO record for Johnson & Johnson's Red Cross mark".
tsdr.uspto.gov. Retrieved 6 May 2015. ^ 29 CFR 1910.151 (1998-06-10). "Occupational Safety and Health Standards: Medical services and first aid". Retrieved 2006-08-28. ^ 29 CFR 1910.266 App A (1995-09-08). "Occupational Safety and Health Standards: First-aid Kits (Mandatory)". Retrieved 2006-08-28. ^ 29 CFR 1910.151 App A (2005-01-05). "Occupational Safety and Health Standards: Appendix A to § 1910.
151 -- First aid kits (Non-Mandatory)". Retrieved 2006-08-28. ^ ANSI/ISEA (2009-05-12). "ANSI/ISEA Z308.1-2009, American National Standard - Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies". Retrieved 2009-08-25. ^ U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (2006-01-25). "6170-6H, Kits, First Aid" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-08-25. ^ GG-K-391A GAUZE (1954-10-19). "Kit (Empty) First-Aid, Burn-Treatment and Snake Bite, and Kit Contents (Unit-Type)".
Retrieved 2009-08-24. ^ GG-K-392 (1957-04-25). "Kit, First Aid (Commercial Types), and Kit Contents". Retrieved 2009-08-24. External links Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: First Aid/Appendix E: First Aid Kits Wikivoyage has a travel guide for First aid kit for travellers. How to make your own first-aid kit, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Red Cross' Anatomy of a First Aid Kit v t e First aid Techniques Abdominal thrusts Airway management Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Emergency bleeding control Equipment Automated external defibrillator Bag valve mask Bandage Dressing First aid kit Nasopharyngeal airway Oropharyngeal airway Mnemonics ABC DCAP-BTLS OPQRST RICE SAMPLE SOAP Certifications Certified first responder Emergency medical technician Wilderness Emergency Medical Technician Topics Bleeding Golden hour Good Samaritan law Wilderness medicine Retrieved from "https://en.